Expression profile of miRNAs in Populus cathayana L. and Salix matsudana Koidz under salt stress.

State Key Laboratory of Tree Genetics and Breeding, Chinese Academy of Forestry, Xiangshan Road, Beijing 100091, China.
Molecular Biology Reports (Impact Factor: 1.96). 06/2012; 39(9):8645-54. DOI: 10.1007/s11033-012-1719-4
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Soil salinization can lead to environmental and ecological problems worldwide. Abiotic stressors, including salinity, are suspected to regulate microRNA (miRNA) expression. Plants exposed to such abiotic stressors express specific miRNAs, which are genes encoding small non-coding RNAs of 20-24 nucleotides. miRNAs are known to exist widely in plant genomes, and are endogenous. A previous study used miRNA microarray technology and poly(A) polymerase-mediated qRT-PCR technology to analyze the expression profile of miRNAs in two types of plants, Populus cathayana L. (salt-sensitive plants) and Salix matsudana Koidz (highly salinity-tolerant plants), both belonging to the Salicaceae family. miRNA microarray hybridization revealed changes in expression of 161 miRNAs P. cathayana and 32 miRNAs in S. matsudana under salt stress. Differences in expression indicate that the same miRNA has different expression patterns in salt-sensitive plants and salt-tolerant plants under salt stress. These indicate that changes in expression of miRNAs might function as a response to varying salt concentrations. To examine this, we used qRT-PCR to select five miRNA family target genes involved in plant responses to salt stress. Upon saline treatment, the expressions of both ptc-miR474c and ptc-miR398b in P. cathayana were down-regulated, but were up-regulated in S. matsudana. Expression of the miR396 family in both types of plants was suppressed. Furthermore, we have analyzed the different expression patterns between P. cathayana and S. matsudana. Findings of this study can be utilized in future investigations of post-transcriptional gene regulation in P. cathayana and S. matsudana under saline stress.

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    ABSTRACT: Background: Populus euphratica is a representative model woody plant species for studying resistance to abiotic stresses such as drought and salt. Salt stress is one of the most common environmental factors that affect plant growth and development. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are small, noncoding RNAs that have important regulatory functions in plant growth, development, and response to abiotic stress. Results: To investigate the miRNAs involved in the salt-stress response, we constructed four small cDNA libraries from P. euphratica plantlets treated with or without salt (300 mM NaCl, 3 days) in either the root or leaf. Using high-throughput sequencing to identify miRNAs, we found 164 conserved miRNAs belonging to 44 families. Of these, 136 novel miRNAs were from the leaf, and 128 novel miRNAs were from the root. In response to salt stress, 95 miRNAs belonging to 46 conserved miRNAs families changed significantly, with 56 miRNAs upregulated and 39 miRNAs downregulated in the leaf. A comparison of the leaf and root tissues revealed 155 miRNAs belonging to 63 families with significantly altered expression, including 84 upregulated and 71 downregulated miRNAs. Furthermore, 479 target genes in the root and 541 targets of novel miRNAs in the leaf were predicted, and functional information was annotated using the Gene Ontology and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes databases. Conclusions: This study provides a novel visual field for understanding the regulatory roles of miRNAs in response to salt stress in Populus.
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    ABSTRACT: Growth-regulating factors (GRFs) are plant-specific transcription factors that were originally identified for their roles in stem and leaf development, but recent studies highlight them to be similarly important for other central developmental processes including flower and seed formation, root development and the coordination of growth processes under adverse environmental conditions. The expression of several GRFs is controlled by microRNA miR396, and the GRF-miRNA396 regulatory module appears to be central to several of these processes. In addition, transcription factors upstream of GRFs and miR396 have been discovered, and gradually downstream target genes of GRFs are being unravelled. Here, we review the current knowledge of the biological functions GRFs perform and survey available molecular data to illustrate how they exert their roles at the cellular level. Copyright © 2015 The Author. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
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    ABSTRACT: MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are a class of noncoding small RNAs (sRNAs) that are 20-24 nucleotides (nt) in length. Extensive studies have indicated that miRNAs play versatile roles in plants, functioning in processes such as growth, development and stress responses. Chilling is a common abiotic stress that seriously affects plants growth and development. Recently, chilling-responsive miRNAs have been detected in several plant species. However, little is known about the miRNAs in the model plant tomato. 'LA1777' (Solanum habrochaites) has been shown to survive chilling stress due to its various characteristics. Here, two small RNA libraries and two degradome libraries were produced from chilling-treated (CT) and non-chilling-treated (NT) leaves of S. habrochaites seedlings. Following high-throughput sequencing and filtering, 161 conserved and 236 novel miRNAs were identified in the two libraries. Of these miRNAs, 192 increased in the response to chilling stress while 205 decreased. Furthermore, the target genes of the miRNAs were predicted using a degradome sequencing approach. It was found that 62 target genes were cleaved by 42 conserved miRNAs, while nine target genes were cleaved by nine novel miRNAs. Additionally, nine miRNAs and six target genes were validated by quantitative real-time PCR (qRT-PCR). Target gene functional analysis showed that most target genes played positive roles in the chilling response, primarily by regulating the expression of anti-stress proteins, antioxidant enzyme and genes involved in cell wall formation. Tomato is an important model plant for basic biological research. In this study, numerous conserved and novel miRNAs involved in the chilling response were identified using high-throughput sequencing, and the target genes were analyzed by degradome sequencing. The work helps identify chilling-responsive miRNAs in tomato and increases the number of identified miRNAs involved in chilling stress. Furthermore, the work provides a foundation for further study of the regulation of miRNAs in the plant response to chilling stress.


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May 31, 2014