A second superior gluteal artery perforator flap with previous liposuction to the same breast after resection of initial SGAP breast reconstruction due to cancer recurrence.
ABSTRACT Free superior gluteal artery perforator (SGAP) flaps are a reliable option for breast reconstruction in patients with insufficient abdominal tissue or abdominal scarring. Liposuction in a donor site is a relative contraindication for harvesting a free flap, despite current case reports challenging this tenet. We describe a case of a 36-year-old woman who underwent unilateral breast reconstruction with free SGAP flap. She underwent liposuction of the contralateral buttock for symmetry. Approximately, one year post-operatively, she developed local recurrence of the breast cancer. Previously liposculpted buttock was used as donor site for a second free SGAP flap anastomosed to internal mammary artery. © 2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. Microsurgery, 2012.
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ABSTRACT: Fujino was the first to introduce gluteal tissue as a free flap for breast reconstruction. The use of the musculocutaneous flap from the buttock in breast reconstruction has been championed by Shaw. Despite the initial enthusiasm for this area as a donor site, few other large series exist on the subject. Two decades of experience with this region as a donor site led to recognition of advantages and drawbacks. Furthermore, use of both the superior and inferior gluteal musculocutaneous flap was associated with certain important donor site complications and the use of vein grafts to allow for microvascular anastomosis. The evolution of free tissue transfer has progressed to the level of the perforator flap. This reconstructive technique allows elevation of tissue from any region consisting only of fat and skin. This minimizes donor site morbidity by allowing preservation of the underlying muscle and coverage of important structures in the region such as nerves. The superior and inferior gluteal perforator flaps have been used at our institution for breast reconstruction since 1993. The superior gluteal artery perforator (S-GAP) flap is our preferred method of breast reconstruction when the abdomen is not available or preferable. We report the result of this flap over the past 9 years and point out important surgical refinements, advantages, disadvantages, and lessons learned during this time.Annals of Plastic Surgery 03/2004; 52(2):118-25. · 1.46 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Scientific reports of clinical in vivo research into the effects and side-effects of ultrasonic-assisted liposuction (UAL) are scarce. Advocates of UAL claim that the damage to vascular and nervous structures is limited and even less than with conventional and/or tumescent liposuction (CL). The effect of tumescent infiltration alone and combined with either CL or UAL was assessed by performing injection studies of the panniculus adiposus of the lower abdominal wall of 20 fresh cadavers and five abdominoplasty specimens. Besides the control and infiltration groups (n=5 in each), there was an additional group of ten cadaver flaps and five abdominoplasty flaps that underwent infiltration followed by UAL in the right half of the flap and infiltration followed by CL in the left half of the flap. Radiographs of these flaps were shown to a blinded panel of ten plastic surgeons, who were asked to evaluate and compare the damage on the basis of the number and magnitude of contrast-medium extravasations in the flap. Vascular damage to the perforating vessels was seen even after infiltration alone, although it was very limited. A variable amount of damage (ranging from little to extensive) was observed in the CL and UAL groups. Statistical analysis of the judgments of the observers could not show that either technique was less damaging than the other. UAL is, therefore, probably more beneficial to the surgeon than to the patient. The financial investment in the device is justified for surgeons with large liposuction practices, mainly, and probably solely, because of the reduced physical strain for the surgeon.British Journal of Plastic Surgery 05/2003; 56(3):266-71. · 1.29 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: The development of the perforator flap technique revolutionized the practice of soft tissue transfer. The main goal of this technique is muscle sparing at the donor site for function and strength. Meanwhile, this concept is being widely applied for reconstruction of tissues throughout the entire body. Perforator flaps are the ultimate upgrade of the well-known myocutaneous flaps. Theoretically, any myocutaneous flap can be harvested as a perforator flap if skin resurfacing is needed. Although the DIEP flap, the anterolateral thigh flap, and the TAP flap are probably more frequently used for breast, trunk, and upper and lower limb reconstruction, as well as head and neck reconstruction, the SGAP flap takes its own position in the large group of perforator flaps and has its own specific indications.Clinics in Plastic Surgery 08/2003; 30(3):371-82. · 1.35 Impact Factor