Lost in Knowledge Translation: Time for a Map?

Journal of Continuing Education in the Health Professions (Impact Factor: 1.36). 11/2006; 26(1):13 - 24. DOI: 10.1002/chp.47
Source: PubMed


There is confusion and misunderstanding about the concepts of knowledge translation, knowledge transfer, knowledge exchange, research utilization, implementation, diffusion, and dissemination. We review the terms and definitions used to describe the concept of moving knowledge into action. We also offer a conceptual framework for thinking about the process and integrate the roles of knowledge creation and knowledge application. The implications of knowledge translation for continuing education in the health professions include the need to base continuing education on the best available knowledge, the use of educational and other transfer strategies that are known to be effective, and the value of learning about planned-action theories to be better able to understand and influence change in practice settings.

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Available from: Margaret B Harrison, Oct 10, 2015
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    • "The multifaceted concept of knowledge fashions a catalogue of terminology, definitions and constructs for KT. Graham et al. (2006) identify twenty-nine similar terms, based on perceptions of incorporated processes and activities. The number of multi-disciplinary stakeholders identified in low carbon innovation which hold "
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    ABSTRACT: The growth of the knowledge economy and the changing relationship between science and society, have triggered the emergence of a 'new role' for universities as catalysts for innovation within national innovation policy frameworks. The Triple Helix concept of knowledge generation and innovation introduces triadic relationships between government, academia and industry. These often incorporate state driven aims of innovation development and diffusion for greater societal and economic benefit as conditions of the funding programmes. This concept is witnessed in the UK low carbon energy innovation system, where collaborative relationships are formed to develop new technologies for application by industry and society. The dynamics of the Triple Helix model bring many challenges to policy makers and those engaged in knowledge transfer relationships, stemming from the inherent nature of knowledge and the complex human interactions involved with inter-organisational knowledge transfer. Low carbon innovation has an increased need for inter-disciplinary knowledge transfer where specialised pools of knowledge are brought together for the purposes of innovation, in environments typified by uncertainty and unclear user impacts. Obstacles are compounded by the complexity of defining knowledge transfer processes and the debate surrounding the transferability of knowledge. Significant additional challenges exist within low carbon innovation, where influencing technology adoption by the public is seen as a multifaceted problem with no easy solution and requires innovation outputs to be transformed to societal outcomes. This paper aims to explore the nature of these challenges through a review of the literature on knowledge transfer, the continuing transition of academia, government and industry within knowledge generation frameworks and the specific dilemmas faced by the low carbon innovation system. This literature review provides a foundation for future research which aims to explore the concept of knowledge transfer within the UK low carbon innovation system and gather empirical data pertaining to the optimisation of collaborative project performance.
    ECKM 2015, University of Udine, Italy; 09/2015
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    • "Knowledge transfer has traditionally been conceptualised as a linear one-way process starting from the researcher and ending with policy officers, civil servants, and decision-makers (Ward et al., 2012). This view has been challenged by interactive and two-or multi-dimensional processes of knowledge exchange, which are models that acknowledge knowledge transfer as a dynamic and complex social process incorporating distinct forms of knowledge from multiple sources (Graham et al., 2006; Ward et al., 2012; Fazey et al., 2013). This overarching approach considers and integrates the whole process of knowledge production, dissemination and use as a single entity. "
    Ecological Indicators 08/2015; DOI:10.1016/j.ecolind.2015.07.016 · 3.44 Impact Factor
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    • "Although a multitude of definitions exist, there has yet to be a consensus identifying the most appropriate one (Pentland et al. 2011). The term knowledge transfer is, however, the most commonly employed around the world (Graham et al. 2006) and is the one used throughout this article. The Fonds de recherche du Québec—Société et culture defines knowledge transfer as ''all efforts made to ensure research activities and results are known and recognized… so they can be put to use by practice settings, decision-makers and the greater public, whether the process is interactive or not'' (authors' translation) (FRQ-SC 2011, p. 9). "
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    ABSTRACT: This study describes the current state of research on knowledge transfer strategies to improve public health in low-income countries, to identify the knowledge gaps on this topic. In this scoping review, a descriptive and systematic process was used to analyse, for each article retained, descriptions of research context and methods, types of knowledge transfer activities and results reported. 28 articles were analysed. They dealt with the evaluation of transfer strategies that employed multiple activities, mostly targeting health professionals and women with very young children. Most often these studies used quantitative designs and measurements of instrumental use with some methodological shortcomings. Results were positive and suggested recommendations for improving professional practices, knowledge and health-related behaviours. The review highlights the great diversity of transfer strategies used, strategies and many conditions for knowledge use. The review provides specific elements for understanding the transfer processes in low-income countries and highlights the need for systematic evaluation of the conditions for research results utilization.
    International Journal of Public Health 08/2015; DOI:10.1007/s00038-015-0716-5 · 2.70 Impact Factor
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