Best friends forever?: High school best friendships and the transition to college

Personal Relationships (Impact Factor: 1.41). 05/2003; 10(2):187 - 196. DOI: 10.1111/1475-6811.00045

ABSTRACT The transition from high school to college is an important phase for adolescents in social as well as academic aspects. This study examined the changes that occur in high school best friendships during the first year of college. Results revealed that during the first year in college high school best friendships declined in satisfaction, commitment, rewards, and investments. During this period there was also an increase in costs and alternatives to best friend relationships. Proximity did not influence the friendships; however, level of communication did moderate friendship deterioration. Furthermore, individuals who continued their best friendship reported engaging in more maintenance behaviors of positivity, supportiveness, self-disclosure, and interaction than individuals who reported a change in the relationship to close or casual friendship. Maintaining the best friendship also appeared to buffer adolescents from social loneliness. The results are discussed in terms of the implications of transitions on adolescent friendships.

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    • "While family typically provides the primary source of support for young people even into adulthood (see Parker, L€ udtke, Trautwein, & Roberts, 2012), friendship groups become increasingly important during adolescence (Furman & Buhrmester, 1992; Oswald & Clark, 2003; Selfhout et al., 2010). A lack of friends is associated with depression and other mental health problems (Kiuru, 2008; Schaefer, Kornienko, & Fox, 2011). "
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    ABSTRACT: Research on adolescence has previously shown that factors like depression and burnout are influenced by friendship groups. Little research, however, has considered whether similar effects are present for variables such as hope and subjective well-being. Furthermore, there is no research that considers whether the degree of hope of an adolescent's friends is associated with well-being over the individual's level of hope. Data were collected in 2012 from a sample of 15-year-olds (N = 1,972; 62% Caucasian; 46% identified as Catholic; 25% had professional parents) from the East Coast of Australia. Findings suggest that individuals from the same friendship group were somewhat similar in hope and well-being. Multilevel structural equation modeling indicated that friendship group hope was significantly related to psychological and social well-being.
    Child Development 10/2014; 86(2). DOI:10.1111/cdev.12308 · 4.92 Impact Factor
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    • "relationships over time (e.g., marriages , cohabitating couples) than in student populations (e.g., Oswald and Clark 2003). Indeed, a replication study (Study 1b; see the Web Appendix) using the same design but with different product choice measures (clothing and accessories) and a student sample (N = 107) again showed that when exposed to romantic relationship reminders, single people restrict indulgence. "
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    ABSTRACT: Marketers regularly remind consumers of valued social relationships (e.g. close friends, family, romantic couples) in order to influence choice and consumption. Interestingly, the author’s research shows that such relationship reminders can backfire when consumers do not or no longer have these highlighted relationships. The author shows that reminding consumers of relationships they lack reduces consumers’ perceptions of deservingness and causes them to restrict indulgent consumption. Five studies establish the effect of relationship reminders on indulgence and provide support for the underlying process by both measuring and manipulating perceptions of deservingness.
    Journal of Marketing Research 04/2014; 51(2):218-232. DOI:10.1509/jmr.12.0133 · 2.52 Impact Factor
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    • "These findings are particularly salient given the proposition that social ties—particularly those with like-others (e.g., those who share similar lived experiences )—are hypothesized to be most fulfilling and effective for overall adjustment through the exchange of empathetic understanding (Thoits 1986). Given that emerging adults at university report profound negative changes in their high-school friendships (e.g., become more distant) during the first year of university (Oswald and Clark 2003), and that new friendships at university are strongly predictive of overall university adjustment (Buote et al. 2007), we chose to focus our assessment of social ties on the quality of individuals' social networks specific to the university setting. First, we review the research examining the relationship between sleep problems and social ties. "
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    ABSTRACT: Despite the growing body of research linking sleep problems and social ties, research investigating the direction of effects between these two constructs is lacking. Furthermore, there remains a dearth of research examining the mechanisms that may explain the association between sleep problems and social ties within a longitudinal design. The present 3-year longitudinal study addressed two research questions: (1) Is there a bidirectional association between sleep problems and social ties at university? and (2) Does emotion regulation mediate the association between sleep problems and social ties at university? Participants (N = 942, 71.5 % female; M = 19.01 years at Time 1, SD = 0.90) were university students who completed annual assessments of sleep problems, social ties, and emotion regulation, for three consecutive years. Results of path analysis indicated that the bidirectional association between sleep problems and social ties was statistically significant (controlling for demographics, sleep-wake inconsistency, sleep duration, and alcohol). Analyses of indirect effects indicated that emotion regulation mediated this link, such that better sleep quality (i.e., less sleep problems) led to more effective emotion regulation, which, subsequently, led to more positive social ties. In addition, more positive social ties led to more effective emotion regulation, which, in turn, led to less sleep problems. The findings highlight the critical role that emotional regulation plays in the link between sleep problems and social ties, and emphasize the need for students as well as university administration to pay close attention to both the sleep and social environment of university students.
    Journal of Youth and Adolescence 02/2014; 44(2). DOI:10.1007/s10964-014-0107-x · 2.72 Impact Factor
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