The cosmic microwave background radiation fluctuations from H i perturbations prior to reionization

Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society (Impact Factor: 5.23). 06/2004; 352(1):142 - 146. DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2966.2004.07907.x
Source: arXiv

ABSTRACT Loeb and Zaldarriaga have recently proposed that observations of the cosmic microwave background radiation (CMBR) brightness temperature fluctuations produced by H i inhomogeneities prior to reionization hold the promise of probing the primordial power spectrum to a hitherto unprecedented level of accuracy. This requires a precise quantification of the relation between density perturbations and brightness temperature fluctuations. Brightness temperature fluctuations arise from two sources: (1) fluctuations in the spin temperature, and (2) fluctuations in the H i optical depth, both of which are caused by density perturbations. For the spin temperature, we investigate in detail its evolution in the presence of H i fluctuations. For the optical depth, we find that it is affected by density perturbations both directly and through peculiar velocities which move the absorption features around in frequency. The latter effect, which has not been included in earlier studies, is similar to the redshift space distortion seen in galaxy surveys and this can cause changes of 50 per cent or more in the brightness temperature fluctuations.

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