# The dipole anisotropy of the 2 Micron All‐Sky Redshift Survey

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Quentin A. Parker, Jul 06, 2015 Available from:- [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]

**ABSTRACT:**There is a long-standing controversy about the convergence of the dipole moment of the galaxy angular distribution (the so-called clustering dipole). Is the dipole convergent at all, and if so, what is the scale of the convergence? We study the growth of the clustering dipole of galaxies as a function of the limiting flux of the sample from the Two Micron All Sky Survey (2MASS). Contrary to some earlier claims, we find that the dipole does not converge before the completeness limit of the 2MASS Extended Source Catalog, i.e., up to 13.5 mag in the near-infrared Ks band (equivalent to an effective distance of 300 Mpc h –1). We compare the observed growth of the dipole with the theoretically expected, conditional one (i.e., given the velocity of the Local Group relative to the cosmic microwave background), for the ΛCDM power spectrum and cosmological parameters constrained by the Wilkinson Microwave Anisotropy Probe. The observed growth turns out to be within 1σ confidence level of its theoretical counterpart once the proper observational window of the 2MASS flux-limited catalog is included. For a contrast, if the adopted window is a top hat, then the predicted dipole grows significantly faster and converges (within the errors) to its final value for a distance of about 300 Mpc h –1. By comparing the observational windows, we show that for a given flux limit and a corresponding distance limit, the 2MASS flux-weighted window passes less large-scale signal than the top-hat one. We conclude that the growth of the 2MASS dipole for effective distances greater than 200 Mpc h –1 is only apparent. On the other hand, for a distance of 80 Mpc h –1 (mean depth of the 2MASS Redshift Survey) and the ΛCDM power spectrum, the true dipole is expected to reach only ~80% of its final value. Eventually, since for the window function of 2MASS the predicted growth is consistent with the observed one, we can compare the two to evaluate . The result is β = 0.38 ± 0.04, which leads to an estimate of the density parameter Ωm = 0.20 ± 0.08.The Astrophysical Journal 10/2011; 741(1):31. DOI:10.1088/0004-637X/741/1/31 · 6.28 Impact Factor - [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]

**ABSTRACT:**We aim to settle the debate regarding the fraction of the Local Group's peculiar velocity that is induced by structures beyond the Great Attractor by calculating the dipole anisotropy of the largest, all-sky, truly X-ray selected cluster sample compiled to date. The sample is the combination of the REFLEX catalog in the southern hemisphere, the eBCS sample in the north, and the CIZA survey in the Galactic plane. The composite REFLEX+eBCS+CIZA sample overcomes many of the problems inherent to previous galaxy and cluster catalogs which limited their effectiveness in determining the origin of the Local Group's motion. From the dipole anisotropy present in the cluster distribution we determine that 44% of the Local Group's peculiar velocity is due to infall into the GA region, while 56% is in the form of a large-scale flow induced by more distant overdensities between 130 and 180 h^-1 Mpc away. In agreement with previous analyses, we find that the Shapley supercluster is the single overdensity most responsible for the increase in the dipole amplitude beyond 130 h^-1 Mpc, generating 30.4% of the large-scale contribution. We find that numerous groupings and loose associations of clusters at roughly the same distance as the Shapley region induce a significant acceleration on the Local Group. These include the well known Horologium-Reticulum concentration, as well as newly noted associations centered on Abell 3667 and Abell 3391 and a string of CIZA clusters near C1410 which may trace an extension of the Shapley complex into the Zone of Avoidance. We also note that the large-scale anisotropy measured in the cluster distribution near 150 h^-1 Mpc may be due to an observed underdensity of clusters in the northern hemisphere near this distance. (abridged) Comment: 12 pages, 10 figures (2 color), Accepted for publication in ApJ; minor revisions, one figure addedThe Astrophysical Journal 10/2005; 645(2). DOI:10.1086/503666 · 6.28 Impact Factor - [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]

**ABSTRACT:**We compare the peculiar velocity field within 65 $h^{-1}$ Mpc predicted from 2MASS photometry and public redshift data to three independent peculiar velocity surveys based on type Ia supernovae, surface brightness fluctuations in ellipticals, and Tully-Fisher distances to spirals. The three peculiar velocity samples are each in good agreement with the predicted velocities and produce consistent results for $\beta_{K}=\Omega\sbr{m}^{0.6}/b_{K}$. Taken together the best fit $\beta_{K} = 0.49 \pm 0.04$. We explore the effects of morphology on the determination of $\beta$ by splitting the 2MASS sample into E+S0 and S+Irr density fields and find both samples are equally good tracers of the underlying dark matter distribution, but that early-types are more clustered by a relative factor $b\sbr{E}/b\sbr{S} \sim 1.6$. The density fluctuations of 2MASS galaxies in $8 h^{-1}$ Mpc spheres in the local volume is found to be $\sigma\sbr{8,K} = 0.9$. From this result and our value of $\beta_{K}$, we find $\sigma_8 (\Omega\sbr{m}/0.3)^{0.6} = 0.91\pm0.12$. This is in excellent agreement with results from the IRAS redshift surveys, as well as other cosmological probes. Combining the 2MASS and IRAS peculiar velocity results yields $\sigma_8 (\Omega\sbr{m}^/0.3)^{0.6} = 0.85\pm0.05$.The Astrophysical Journal 12/2005; 635(1). DOI:10.1086/497359 · 6.28 Impact Factor