Physico‐chemical properties of flour and starch from jackfruit seeds (Artocarpus heterophyllus Lam.) compared with modified starches

Department of Agro-Industrial Faculty of Applied Science, King Mongkut's Institute of Technology North Bangkok, Bangkok 10800, Thailand
International Journal of Food Science & Technology (Impact Factor: 1.35). 02/2004; 39(3):271 - 276. DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2621.2004.00781.x

ABSTRACT Jackfruit (Artocarpus heterophyllus Lam.) is one of the most popular tropical fruits grown in Asia. The objective of this study was to compare physico-chemical properties of native flour and starch from jackfruit seeds (A. heterophyllus) to commercially modified starches (Novation 2300 and Purity 4). The colour of jackfruit seed starch was lighter than the Novation 2300 starch but darker than the Purity 4 starch. The jackfruit seed starch had a narrower gelatinization temperature range than Purity 4 and required less gelatinization energy compared with modified starches. The peak viscosity of jackfruit seed starch was lower than commercially modified starches. Likewise, setback viscosity, swelling power and solubility of jackfruit seed starch showed similar trends. Results from this study suggest that native starch from jackfruit seed could be used as an alternative for modified starches in a system needing starch with a high thermal and/or mechanical shear stability.

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    ABSTRACT: The physico-chemical properties of starch from jackfruit seed and mung bean were investigated. Jackfruit seed starch had much higher resistant starch content (26.99%) than that of mung bean starch (4.04%). Furthermore, jackfruit seed starch had a higher gelatinization temperature (To) that required more gelatinization energy (ΔH) compared to mung bean starch. However, mung bean starch had higher amylose content and its granules were much larger than that of jackfruit seed starch. Mung bean starch had the highest peak viscosity, breakdown, and setback whereas jackfruit seed starch had the highest pasting temperature. Amylopectin chain length of mung bean starch contained higher proportion of short chains (degrees of polymerization 6–12) but lower proportion of very long chains (degrees of polymerization > 37 ) comparing with jackfruit seed starch. The X-ray diffraction patterns showed both starches to be Type-A crystallinity. In addition, both starch gels showed higher the storage modulus (G′) than the loss modulus (G˝) designating as rubber like material. However, mung bean starch gel exhibited higher G’ and less tan δ than that of jackfruit seed starch indicating much stronger of gel structure.
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    ABSTRACT: Native jackfruit seed starch (JFS) contains 30% w/w type II resistant starch (RS2) and can potentially be developed as a new commercial source of RS for food and pharmaceutical application. Heat-moisture treatment (HMT) was explored as a mean to increase RS content of native JFS. The effect of the conditions was tested at varied moisture contents (MC), temperatures, and times. Moisture levels of 20-25%, together with temperatures 80-110°C, generally resulted in increases of RS amount. The highest amount of RS (52.2%) was achieved under treatment conditions of 25% MC and 80°C, for 16 h (JF-25-80-16). FT-IR peak ratio at 1047/1022 cm(-1) suggested increases in ordered structure in several HMT-JFS samples with increased RS. SEM showed no significant change in the granule appearance, except at high moisture/temperature treatment. XRD revealed no significant change in peaks intensities, suggesting the crystallinity within the granule was mostly retained. DSC showed increases in T g and, in most cases, ΔT, as the MC was increased in the samples. Slight but significant decreases in ΔH were observed in samples with low RS, indicating that a combination of high moisture and temperature might cause partial gelatinization. HMT-JFS with higher RS exhibited less swelling, while the solubility remained mostly unchanged.
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    ABSTRACT: The chemical, physico-chemical and functional properties of flour and starch from three varieties of jackfruit seed were analyzed in this study. Starch was isolated using distilled water, alkaline and α-amylase enzyme. All varieties of jackfruit seed flour had moisture content 6.28-9.16%, protein 9.19-11.34%, fat 1.18-1.40%, ash 1.53-2.66%, amylose 26.49%-30.21% and starch contents 81.05%-82.52%. Gala variety had highest amount of water soluble index, swelling water capacity and water absorption index than Khaja and Durasha varieties. On the other hand, isolated starch varied 8.39 to 12.20% moisture, 1.09 to 3.67% protein, 1.18 to 1.40% fat, 0.03 to 0.59% ash content. Starch isolated with distilled water had higher protein content, yield, amylose and total starch than starch isolated with alkaline and enzyme. However, purity was depended on the variety and extraction conditions. Enzymatic method gave highest amount of water absorption index and water soluble index as compared to distilled water and alkaline method. Results from this study suggest that jackfruit seed flour can be used as partial replacement of wheat flour and good source of starch.
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