Hybrid Layer as a Dentin‐Bonding Mechanism

Journal of Esthetic and Restorative Dentistry (Impact Factor: 0.96). 07/2007; 3(4):133 - 138. DOI: 10.1111/j.1708-8240.1991.tb00985.x

ABSTRACT A number of mechanisms (both mechanical and chemical) have been proposed as the cause of dentin adhesion. Extensive research in Japan during the past 10 years has shown that strong, long-lived bonds between resin and living dentin will form when a monomer such as 4-META, which contains both hydrophilic and hydrophobic chemical groups, penetrates the tissue and polymerizes in situ. This resin-impregnation creates a transitional “hybrid” layer, that is neither resin nor tooth, but a hybrid of the two. The thin layer of resin-reinforced dentin locks the two dissimilar substances together on a molecular level, sealing the surface against leakage and imparting a high degree of acid resistance.

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    ABSTRACT: The aim of this in vitro study was to analyze hybrid layer and nanoleakage of composite resin restorations in cavities prepared by either Er,Cr:YSGG laser or bur, followed by acid etching in primary teeth. Ten extracted primary molar teeth were randomly allocated into two groups consisting of ten cavities according to surface treatment regimen: Er,Cr:YSGG laser + acid etching(group 1) and bur + acid etching(group 2). Restorations of all samples were completed. Then, teeth were sectioned and immersed to ammoniacal silver nitrate solution. After polishing, hybrid layer thicknesses were examined under scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and ion analysis was carried out with SEM/energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy preparation in terms of nanoleakage. Hybrid layer thickness and the amount of silver ions were assessed for the acid-etched groups. The collected data were analyzed with independent sample t test and Spearman's rank correlation. In groups 1 and 2, the mean hybrid layer thicknesses were 4.25 ± 1.41 and 5.24 ± 1.07 μm and the silver ion percentages were 10.97 ± 13.81 and 22.79 ± 21.62 %, respectively. Although no significant correlation was observed between the increase of hybrid layer thickness and the amount of silver ions, more silver ions were observed in group 2 (p < 0.05). According to the results of this study, acid-etched cavities prepared with laser promoted better results when compared to the acid-etched cavities prepared with bur.
    Lasers in Medical Science 09/2012; · 2.40 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: During their application to the wet, oral environment, dentin adhesives can experience phase separation and composition change which can compromise the quality of the hybrid layer formed at the dentin-adhesive interface. The chemical composition of polymer phases formed in the hybrid layer can be represented using a ternary water-adhesive phase diagram. In this paper, these polymer phases have been characterized using a suite of mechanical tests and swelling experiments. The experimental results were evaluated using granular micromechanics based model that incorporates poro-mechanical effects and polymer-solvent thermodynamics. The variation of the model parameters and model-predicted polymer properties has been studied as a function of composition along the phase boundary. The resulting structure-property correlations provide insight into interactions occurring at the molecular level in the saturated polymer system. These correlations can be used for modeling the mechanical behavior of hybrid layer, and are expected to aid in the design and improvement of water-compatible dentin adhesive polymers.
    Acta biomaterialia 09/2013; · 5.09 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: It has been proposed that a resin coating can serve as a means to protect dental structure after preparation of the tooth for indirect restorations, sealing the exposed dentin. The resin coating is applied on the cut surfaces immediately after tooth preparation and before making an impression by assembling a dentin bonding system and a flowable composite. Resin coatings minimize pulp irritation and improve the bond strength between a resin cement and tooth when bonding the restoration to tooth. Recently, thin-film coating dental materials based on all-in-one adhesive technology were introduced for resin coating of indirect restorations. The thin coating materials are applied in a single clinical step and create a barrier-like film layer on the prepared dentin. The thin coatings play an important role in protecting the dentin from physical, chemical, and biological irritation. In addition, these thin-film coating materials reportedly prevent marginal leakage beneath inlays or crown restorations. In light of the many benefits provided by such a protective layer, these all-in-one adhesive materials may therefore also have the potential to cover exposed root dentin surfaces and prevent caries formation. In this paper, recent progress of the dental coating materials and their clinical applications are reviewed.
    Coatings ISSN 2079-6412. 01/2012;