# Franck-Condon Simulation of the Photoelectron Spectrum of AsCl2 and the Photodetachment Spectrum of AsCl2- Employing UCCSD(T)-F12a Potential Energy Functions: IE and EA of AsCl2

**ABSTRACT** The currently most reliable theoretical estimates of the adiabatic ionization energies (AIE(0)) from the X̃(2)B(1) state of AsCl(2) to the X̃(1)A(1) and ã(3)B(1) states of AsCl 2+, and the electron affinity (EA(0)) of AsCl(2) , including ΔZPE corrections, are calculated as 8.687(11), 11.320(23), and 1.845(12) eV, respectively (estimated uncertainties based on basis-set effects at the RCCSD(T) level). State-of-the-art ab initio calculations, which include RCCSD(T), CASSCF/MRCI, and explicitly correlated RHF/UCCSD(T)-F12x (x = a or b) calculations with basis sets of up to quintuple-zeta quality, have been carried out on the X̃(2)B(1) state of AsCl(2) , the X̃(1)A(1) , ã(3)B(1) , and Ã(1)B(1) states of AsCl 2+, and the X̃(1)A(1) state of AsCl 2-. Relativistic, core correlation and complete basis-set (CBS) effects have been considered. In addition, computed UCCSD(T)-F12a potential energy functions of relevant electronic states of AsCl(2) , AsCl (2)(+), and AsCl( 2)(-) were used to calculate Franck-Condon factors, which were then used to simulate the valence photoelectron spectrum of AsCl(2) and the photodetachment spectrum of AsCl (2)(-), both yet to be recorded. Lastly, we have also computed the AIE and EA values for NCl(2) , PCl(2) , and AsCl(2) at the G4 level and for SbCl(2) at the RCCSD(T)/CBS level. The trends in the AIE and EA values of the group V pnictogen dichlorides, PnCl(2) , where Pn = N, P, As, and Sb, were examined. The AIE and EA of PCl(2) were found to be smaller than those of AsCl(2) , contrary to the order expected from the IE values of P and As.

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**ABSTRACT:**RCCSD(T) and UCCSD(T)-F12x calculations were performed on AsX(n) molecules, where X = H, F or Cl, and n = 1, 2 or 3, and related species, in order to evaluate their enthalpies of formation (ΔH(f)(Ø)). The recommended ΔH(f)(Ø) values obtained from the present investigation are AsH, 57.7(2); AsF, -7.9(3); AsCl, 27.2(4); AsH(2), 39.8(4); AsF(2), -96.6(9); AsCl(2), -17.8(10); AsH(3), 17.1(4); AsF(3)-196.0(5) and AsCl(3), -59.1(27) kcal mole(-1). These values are anchored only on one thermodynamic quantity, namely, ΔH(f)(Ø)(As) (= 70.3 kcal mole(-1)). In the calculations, the fully-relativistic small-core effective core potential (ECP10MDF) was used for As. Contributions from outer core correlation of As 3d(10) electrons were computed explicitly in both RCCSD(T) and UCCSD(T)-F12 calculations with additional tight basis functions designed for As 3d(10) electrons. Basis sets of up to augmented correlation-consistent polarized valence quintuple-zeta (aug-cc-pV5Z) quality were used in RCCSD(T) calculations and computed relative electronic energies were extrapolated to the complete basis set (CBS) limit. For the simplified, explicitly correlated UCCSD(T)-F12x calculations, basis sets of up to quadruple-zeta (QZ) quality were employed. Based on the RCCSD(T)/CBS benchmark values, the reliability of available theoretical and experimental values have been assessed.Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics 05/2011; 13(20):9540-53. DOI:10.1039/c1cp20490d · 4.20 Impact Factor - [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]

**ABSTRACT:**Geometry optimization and harmonic vibrational frequency calculations have been carried out on the X̃(2)A(') state of P(2)H and the X̃(1)A(') state of P(2)H(-) using the restricted-spin coupled-cluster single-double plus perturbative triple excitation [RCCSD(T)] and explicitly correlated unrestricted-spin coupled-cluster single-double plus perturbative triple excitation [UCCSD(T)-F12x] methods. For RCCSD(T) calculations, basis sets of up to the augmented correlation-consistent polarized valence quintuple-zeta (aug-cc-pV5Z) quality were employed, and contributions from extrapolation to the complete basis set limit and from core correlation of the P 2s(2)2p(6) electrons were also included. For UCCSD(T)-F12x calculations, different atomic orbital basis sets of triple-zeta quality with different associated complementary auxiliary basis sets and different geminal Slater exponents were used. When the P 2s(2)2p(6) core electrons were correlated in these F12x calculations, appropriate core-valence basis sets were employed. In addition, potential energy functions (PEFs) of the X̃(2)A(') state of P(2)H and the X̃(1)A(') state of P(2)H(-) were computed at different RCCSD(T) and UCCSD(T)-F12x levels, and were used in variational calculations of anharmonic vibrational wavefunctions, which were then utilized to calculate Franck-Condon factors (FCFs) between these two states, employing a method which includes allowance for anharmonicity and Duschinsky rotation. The photodetachment spectrum of P(2)H(-) was then simulated using the computed FCFs. Simulated spectra obtained using the RCCSD(T)/aug-cc-pV5Z and UCCSD(T)-F12x(x = a or b)/aug-cc-pCVTZ PEFs are compared and found to be essentially identical. Based on the computed FCFs, a more detailed assignment of the observed vibrational structure than previously reported, which includes "hot bands," has been proposed. Comparison between simulated and available experimental spectra has been made, and the currently most reliable sets of equilibrium geometrical parameters for P(2)H and its anion have been derived. The photodetachment spectrum of P(2)D, yet to be recorded, has also been simulated.The Journal of Chemical Physics 09/2011; 135(12):124312. DOI:10.1063/1.3640037 · 3.12 Impact Factor