Quantum phase transitions in the bosonic single-impurity Anderson model

Physics of Condensed Matter (Impact Factor: 1.46). 07/2006; 56(3):199-203. DOI: 10.1140/epjb/e2007-00118-3
Source: RePEc

ABSTRACT We consider a quantum impurity model in which a bosonic impurity level is coupled to a non-interacting bosonic bath, with the bosons at the impurity site subject to a local Coulomb repulsion U. Numerical renormalization group calculations for this bosonic single-impurity Anderson model reveal a zero-temperature phase diagram where Mott phases with reduced charge fluctuations are separated from a Bose-Einstein condensed phase by lines of quantum critical points. We discuss possible realizations of this model, such as atomic quantum dots in optical lattices. Furthermore, the bosonic single-impurity Anderson model appears as an effective impurity model in a dynamical mean-field theory of the Bose-Hubbard model. Copyright EDP Sciences/Società Italiana di Fisica/Springer-Verlag 2007

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The bosonic single-impurity Anderson model (B-SIAM) is studied to understand the local dynamics of an atomic quantum dot (AQD) coupled to a Bose-Einstein condensation (BEC) state, which can be implemented to probe the entanglement and the decoherence of a macroscopic condensate. Our recent approach of the numerical renormalization group (NRG) calculation for the B-SIAM revealed a zero-temperature phase diagram, where a Mott phase with local depletion of normal particles is separated from a BEC phase with enhanced density of the condensate. As an extension of the previous work, we present the calculations of the local dynamical quantities of the B-SIAM which reinforce our understanding of the physics in the Mott and the BEC phases.
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: We extend the numerical renormalization-group method to treat Bose-Fermi Kondo models (BFKMs) describing a local moment coupled both to a conduction band and to a dissipative bosonic bath representing, e.g., lattice or spin collective excitations of the environment. We apply the method to the Ising-symmetry BFKM with a structureless band and a bath spectral function η(ω)∝ωs. The method is valid for all bath exponents s and all temperatures T. For 0<s<1, the range of interest in the context of heavy-fermion quantum criticality, an interacting critical point, characterized by hyperscaling of exponents and ω∕T scaling, describes a continuous quantum phase transition between Kondo-screened and localized phases. For Ohmic dissipation s=1, where the model is relevant to certain dissipative mesoscopic qubit devices, the transition is found to be Kosterlitz-Thouless-like. In both regimes the impurity spectral function for the corresponding Anderson model shows clearly the collapse of the Kondo resonance at the transition. Connection is made to other recent results for the BFKM and the spin-boson model.
    Physical review. B, Condensed matter 03/2007; 75(10). DOI:10.1103/PhysRevB.75.104410 · 3.66 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: We show how exact diagonalization of small clusters can be used as a fast and reliable impurity solver by determining the phase diagram and physical properties of the bosonic single-impurity Anderson model. This is specially important for applications which require the solution of a large number of different single-impurity problems, such as the bosonic dynamical mean field theory of disordered systems. In particular, we investigate the connection between spontaneous global gauge symmetry breaking and the occurrence of Bose-Einstein condensation (BEC). We show how BEC is accurately signaled by the appearance of broken symmetry, even when a fairly modest number of states is retained. The occurrence of symmetry breaking can be detected both by adding a small conjugate field or, as in generic quantum critical points, by the divergence of the associated phase susceptibility. Our results show excellent agreement with the considerably more demanding numerical renormalization group (NRG) method. We also investigate the mean impurity occupancy and its fluctuations, identifying an asymmetry in their critical behavior across the quantum phase transitions between BEC and ‘Mott’ phases.
    Physics of Condensed Matter 10/2012; 85(10-10). DOI:10.1140/epjb/e2012-30191-2 · 1.46 Impact Factor


Available from