On the diffraction pattern of C $\mathsf{_{60}}$ peapods

Department of Physical Chemistry, Faculty of Chemical and Food Technology Slovak Technical University Radlinského 9 812 32 Bratislava Slovak Republic
Physics of Condensed Matter (Impact Factor: 1.28). 10/2004; 42(1):31-45. DOI: 10.1140/epjb/e2004-00355-x
Source: arXiv

ABSTRACT We present detailed calculations of the diffraction pattern of a powder of bundles of C 60 peapods. The influence of all pertinent structural parameters of the bundles on the diffraction diagram is discussed, which should lead to a better interpretation of X-ray and neutron diffraction diagrams. We illustrate our formalism for X-ray scattering experiments performed on peapod samples synthesized from 2 different technics, which present different structural parameters. We propose and test different criteria to solve the difficult problem of the filling rate determination. Copyright Springer-Verlag Berlin/Heidelberg 2004

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    ABSTRACT: The low frequency excitations of C60 chains inserted inside single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWNTs) have been studied by inelastic neutron scattering (INS) on a high quality sample of peapods. The comparison of the neutron-derived generalized phonon density of states (GDOS) of the peapods sample with that of a raw SWNTs allows the vibrational properties of the C60 chains encapsulated in the hollow core of the SWNTs to be probed. Lattice dynamical models are used to calculate the GDOS of chains of monomers, dimers and polymers inserted into SWNTs, which are compared to the experimental data. The presence of strong interactions between C60 cages inside the nanotube is clearly demonstrated by an excess of mode density in the frequency range around 10 meV. However, the presence of a quasi-elastic signal indicates that some of the C60\'s undergo rotational motion. This suggests that peapods are made from a mixture of C60 monomers and C60 n-mer (dimer, trimer ... polymer) structures.
    Physical review. B, Condensed matter 03/2005; · 3.77 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: X-ray and neutron-diffraction investigations of rubidium-intercalated single-walled carbon nanotubes are reported. Ab initio calculations conducted in combination with our experiments show that for a single Rb ion the most energetically favorable intercalation site is the interstitial channel between three tubes in a bundle. At higher doping levels, as the Rb content increases, this site becomes however unfavored with respect to the interior of the tubes or the external surface of the bundle. Model simulations of the diffraction patterns, capable of well reproducing both the x-ray and neutron-diffraction patterns, indicate that only the latter insertion sites are compatible with the experimental data. Finally we show that the bundle surface site is the most probable one in the case of saturation at an estimated stoichiometry close to RbC 8 .
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