Synthesis and degradation of lac mRNA in E. coli depleted of 30S ribosomal subunits.
ABSTRACT Escherichia coli was depleted of active ribosomes by a thermal shock at 47 degrees C which quantitatively destroyed the 30S ribosomal subunits. During recovery, RNA is synthesized while protein synthesis resumes only after about 90 minutes. It is shown that lac mRNA is synthesized in the complete absence of ribosomal activity and hence RNA synthesis is not coupled to protein synthesis. Transcription time and average transcript length were slightly less than in untreated cells. lac mRNA was degraded much more slowly in bacteria depleted of ribosomes. In E. coli W both functional half life (T 1/2 = 28 min vs. 2.25 in untreated cells) and chemical stability. The analysis of rna and pnp mutants showed that polynucleotide phosphorylase is involved in lac mRNA degradation in heat treated cells but that RNase I is not. The functional T 1/2 was increased in pnp mutants and was 95 min during the recovery period. The rate of chemical decay is so slow that the half-life cannot be accurately determined.
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ABSTRACT: Three strains of Escherichia coli with altered polynucleotide phosphorylase, Q7, Q13, and Q27, were isolated by screening clones from heavily mutagenized cultures for low levels of the enzyme. The three mutations were found to cotransduce with argG and asp, and the pnp locus which they define was mapped with respect to these loci. An explanation for the nonreciprocal cotransduction frequencies observed with asp is provided by the demonstration of an unlinked asp-suppressing locus.Journal of Bacteriology 04/1969; 97(3):1431-6. · 3.19 Impact Factor
- Biochimica et Biophysica Acta 11/1963; 76:293-309. · 4.66 Impact Factor
Article: Translation and mRNA decay.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Degradation of messenger RNA from the lactose operon (lac mRNA) was measured during the inhibition of protein synthesis by chloramphenicol (CM) or of translation-initiation by kasugamycin (KAS). With increasing CM concentration mRNA decay becomes slower, but there is no direct proportionality between rates of chemical decay and polypeptide synthesis. During exponential growth lac mRNA is cleaved endonucleolytically (Blundell and Kennell, 1974). At a CM concentration which completely inhibits all polypeptide synthesis this cleavage is blocked. In contrast, if only the initiation of translation is blocked by addition of KAS, the cleavage rate as well as the rate of chemical decay are increased significantly without delay. These faster rates do not result from immediate degradation of the lengthening stretch of ribosome-free proximal message, since the full-length size is present and the same discrete message sizes are generated during inhibition. These results suggest that neither ribosomes nor translation play an active role in the degradative process. Rather, targets can be protected by the proximity of a ribosome, and without nearly ribosomes the probability of cleavage becomes very high. During normal growth there is a certain probability that any message is in such a vulnerable state, and the fraction of vulnerable molecules determines the inactivation rate of that species.MGG - Molecular and General Genetics 05/1978; 160(2):121-9.