The WiggleZ Dark Energy Survey: small‐scale clustering of Lyman‐break galaxies at z < 1

Dark Cosmology Centre, Niels Bohr Institute, University of Copenhagen, Juliane Maries Vej 30, DK-2100 Copenhagen, Denmark; Research School of Astronomy and Astrophysics, Australian National University, Weston Creek, ACT 2600, Australia; Department of Physics & Astronomy, University of British Columbia, 6224 Agricultural Road, Vancouver, BC, Canada V6T 1Z1
Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society (Impact Factor: 5.52). 04/2009; 395(1):240 - 254. DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2966.2009.14447.x
Source: arXiv

ABSTRACT The WiggleZ Dark Energy Survey is a large-scale structure survey of intermediate-redshift ultraviolet-selected (UV-selected) emission-line galaxies scheduled to cover 1000 deg2, spanning a broad redshift range 0.2 < z < 1.0. The main scientific goal of the survey is the measurement of baryon acoustic oscillations (BAO) in the galaxy clustering pattern at a significantly higher redshift than previous studies. The BAO may be applied as a standard cosmological ruler to constrain dark energy models. Based on the first 20 per cent of the data set, we present initial results concerning the small-scale clustering of the WiggleZ targets, together with survey forecasts. The WiggleZ galaxy population possesses a clustering length r0= 4.40 ± 0.12 h−1 Mpc, which is significantly larger than z= 0 UV-selected samples, with a slope γ= 1.92 ± 0.08. This clustering length is comparable to z= 3 Lyman-break galaxies with similar UV luminosities. The clustering strength of the sample increases with optical luminosity, UV luminosity and reddening rest-frame colour. The full survey, scheduled for completion in 2010, will map an effective volume Veff≈ 1 Gpc3 (evaluated at a scale k= 0.15 h Mpc−1) and will measure the angular diameter distance and Hubble expansion rates in three redshift bins with accuracies of ≈5 per cent. We will determine the value of a constant dark energy equation-of-state parameter, wcons, with a higher precision than existing supernovae observations using an entirely independent technique. The WiggleZ and supernova measurements lie in highly complementary directions in the plane of wcons and the matter density Ωm. The forecast using the full combination of WiggleZ, supernova and cosmic microwave background (CMB) data sets is a marginalized error Δwcons= 0.07, providing a robust and precise measurement of the properties of dark energy including cross-checking of systematic errors.

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    ABSTRACT: The WiggleZ Dark Energy Survey is a survey of 240 000 emission-line galaxies in the distant Universe, measured with the AAOmega spectrograph on the 3.9-m Anglo-Australian Telescope (AAT). The primary aim of the survey is to precisely measure the scale of baryon acoustic oscillations (BAO) imprinted on the spatial distribution of these galaxies at look-back times of 4–8 Gyr.The target galaxies are selected using ultraviolet (UV) photometry from the Galaxy Evolution Explorer satellite, with a flux limit of NUV < 22.8 mag. We also require that the targets are detected at optical wavelengths, specifically in the range 20.0 < r < 22.5 mag. We use the Lyman break method applied to the UV colours, with additional optical colour limits, to select high-redshift galaxies. The galaxies generally have strong emission lines, permitting reliable redshift measurements in relatively short exposure times on the AAT. The median redshift of the galaxies is zmed= 0.6. The redshift range containing 90 per cent of the galaxies is 0.2 < z < 1.0.The survey will sample a volume of ∼1 Gpc3 over a projected area on the sky of 1000 deg2, with an average target density of 350 deg−2. Detailed forecasts indicate that the survey will measure the BAO scale to better than 2 per cent and the tangential and radial acoustic wave scales to approximately 3 and 5 per cent, respectively. Combining the WiggleZ constraints with existing cosmic microwave background measurements and the latest supernova data, the marginalized uncertainties in the cosmological model are expected to be σ(Ωm) = 0.02 and σ(w) = 0.07 (for a constant w model). The WiggleZ measurement of w will constitute a robust, precise and independent test of dark energy models.This paper provides a detailed description of the survey and its design, as well as the spectroscopic observations, data reduction and redshift measurement techniques employed. It also presents an analysis of the properties of the target galaxies, including emission-line diagnostics which show that they are mostly extreme starburst galaxies, and Hubble Space Telescope images, which show that they contain a high fraction of interacting or distorted systems. In conjunction with this paper, we make a public data release of data for the first 100 000 galaxies measured for the project.
    Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society 11/2009; 401(3):1429 - 1452. · 5.52 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We investigate the use of simple colour cuts applied to the Sloan Digital Sky Survey (SDSS) optical imaging to perform photometric selections of emission-line galaxies (ELGs) out to z < 1. Our selection is aimed at discerning three separate redshift ranges: 0.2 ≲z≲ 0.4, 0.4 ≲z≲ 0.6 and 0.6 ≲z≲ 1.0, which we calibrate using data taken by the COMBO-17 survey in a single field (S11). We thus perform colour cuts using the SDSS g, r and i bands and obtain mean photometric redshifts of and . We further calibrate our high-redshift selection using spectroscopic observations with the AAOmega spectrograph on the 4-m Anglo-Australian Telescope, observing ≈50–200 galaxy candidates in four separate fields. With just 1 h of integration time and seeing of ≈ 1.6 arcsec, we successfully determined redshifts for ≈65 per cent of the targeted candidates. We compare our spectroscopic redshifts to the photometric redshifts from the COMBO-17 survey and find reasonable agreement between the two. We calculate the angular correlation functions of these samples and find correlation lengths of r0= 2.78 ± 0.08, 3.71 ± 0.11 and 5.50 ± 0.13 h−1 Mpc for the low-, mid- and high-redshift samples, respectively. Comparing these results with predicted dark matter clustering, we estimate the bias parameter for each sample to be b= 0.72 ± 0.02, b= 0.93 ± 0.03 and b= 1.43 ± 0.03. We calculate the two-point redshift-space autocorrelation function at z≈ 0.6 and find a clustering amplitude of so= 6.4 ± 0.8 h−1 Mpc. Finally, we use our photometric sample to search for the integrated Sachs–Wolfe signal in the Wilkinson Microwave Anisotropy Probe (WMAP) 5-yr data. We cross-correlate our three redshift samples with the WMAP W, V, Q and K bands and find an overall trend for a positive signal similar to that expected from models. However, the signal in each is relatively weak, with the results in the WMAP W band being wTg(<100 arcmin) = 0.25 ± 0.27, 0.17 ± 0.20 and 0.17 ± 0.16 μK for the low-, mid- and high-redshift samples, respectively. Combining all three galaxy samples, we find a signal of wTg(<100 arcmin) = 0.20 ± 0.12 μK in the WMAP W band, a significance of 1.7σ. However, in testing for systematics where the WMAP data are rotated with respect to the ELG sample, we found similar results at several different rotation angles, implying the apparent signal may be produced by systematic effects.
    Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society 04/2010; 403(3):1261 - 1273. · 5.52 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We present precise measurements of the growth rate of cosmic structure for the redshift range 0.1 < z < 0.9, using redshift-space distortions in the galaxy power spectrum of the WiggleZ Dark Energy Survey. Our results, which have a precision of around 10% in four independent redshift bins, are well-fit by a flat LCDM cosmological model with matter density parameter Omega_m = 0.27. Our analysis hence indicates that this model provides a self-consistent description of the growth of cosmic structure through large-scale perturbations and the homogeneous cosmic expansion mapped by supernovae and baryon acoustic oscillations. We achieve robust results by systematically comparing our data with several different models of the quasi-linear growth of structure including empirical models, fitting formulae calibrated to N-body simulations, and perturbation theory techniques. We extract the first measurements of the power spectrum of the velocity divergence field, P_vv(k), as a function of redshift (under the assumption that P_gv(k) = -sqrt[P_gg(k) P_vv(k)] where g is the galaxy overdensity field), and demonstrate that the WiggleZ galaxy-mass cross-correlation is consistent with a deterministic (rather than stochastic) scale-independent bias model for WiggleZ galaxies for scales k < 0.3 h/Mpc. Measurements of the cosmic growth rate from the WiggleZ Survey and other current and future observations offer a powerful test of the physical nature of dark energy that is complementary to distance-redshift measures such as supernovae and baryon acoustic oscillations.
    Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society 04/2011; 415(3). · 5.52 Impact Factor

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