Dynamic Asymmetric Leverage in Stochastic Volatility Models

Econometric Reviews (Impact Factor: 0.68). 07/2005; 24(3):317-332. DOI: 10.1080/07474930500243035
Source: RePEc

ABSTRACT In the class of stochastic volatility (SV) models, leverage effects are typically specified through the direct correlation between the innovations in both returns and volatility, resulting in the dynamic leverage (DL) model. Recently, two asymmetric SV models based on threshold effects have been proposed in the literature. As such models consider only the sign of the previous return and neglect its magnitude, this paper proposes a dynamic asymmetric leverage (DAL) model that accommodates the direct correlation as well as the sign and magnitude of the threshold effects. A special case of the DAL model with zero direct correlation between the innovations is the asymmetric leverage (AL) model. The dynamic asymmetric leverage models are estimated by the Monte Carlo likelihood (MCL) method. Monte Carlo experiments are presented to examine the finite sample properties of the estimator. For a sample size of T = 2000 with 500 replications, the sample means, standard deviations, and root mean squared errors of the MCL estimators indicate only a small finite sample bias. The empirical estimates for S&P 500 and TOPIX financial returns, and USD/AUD and YEN/USD exchange rates, indicate that the DAL class, including the DL and AL models, is generally superior to threshold SV models with respect to AIC and BIC, with AL typically providing the best fit to the data.

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: This paper proposes a new approach to estimate the overnight volatility of an individual stock return. Since markets generally do not trade during the overnight period, measures of realized volatility cannot be computed on a “high-frequency” basis. Some studies have resorted to using the square overnight return as a proxy for the overnight realized volatility, but this measure is typically very noisy. The new estimator of the overnight volatility proposed is obtained using the generalized dynamic factor model. The performance of the new proxy is examined using simulated data. This is found to perform better than the squared overnight return. Empirical analysis of the S&P100 constituents confirms the potential of this proxy.
    Rivista di Matematica per le Scienze Economiche e Sociali 10/2012;
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: In stochastic volatility (SV) models, asset returns conditional on the latent volatility are usually assumed to have a normal, Student-t or exponential power (EP) distribution. An earlier study uses a generalised t (GT) distribution for the conditional returns and the results indicate that the GT distribution provides a better model fit to the Australian Dollar/Japanese Yen daily exchange rate than the Student-t distribution. In fact, the GT family nests a number of well-known distributions including the commonly used normal, Student-t and EP distributions. This paper extends the SV model with a GT distribution by incorporating general volatility asymmetry. We compare the empirical performance of nested distributions of the GT distribution as well as different volatility asymmetry specifications. The new asymmetric GT SV models are estimated using the Bayesian Markov chain Monte Carlo (MCMC) method to obtain parameter and log-volatility estimates. By using daily returns from the Standard and Poors (S&P) 500 index, we investigate the effects of the specification of error distributions as well as volatility asymmetry on parameter and volatility estimates. Results show that the choice of error distributions has a major influence on volatility estimation only when volatility asymmetry is not accounted for.
    Mathematics and Computers in Simulation 07/2012; 82(11):2079–2095. · 0.86 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: A threshold stochastic volatility (SV) model is used for capturing time-varying volatilities and nonlinearity. Two adaptive Markov chain Monte Carlo (MCMC) methods of model selection are designed for the selection of threshold variables for this family of SV models. The first method is the direct estimation which approximates the model posterior probabilities of competing models. Using parallel MCMC sampling to estimate these probabilities, the best threshold variable is selected with the highest posterior model probability. The second method is to use the deviance information criterion to compare among these competing models and select the best one. Simulation results lead us to conclude that for large samples the posterior model probability approximation method can give an accurate approximation of the posterior probability in Bayesian model selection. The method delivers a powerful and sharp model selection tool. An empirical study of five Asian stock markets provides strong support for the threshold variable which is formulated as a weighted average of important variables.
    Computational Statistics 12/2013; · 0.35 Impact Factor