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Las consecuencias económicas de un nombre atípico. El caso colombiano

El Trimestre económico (Impact Factor: 0.06). LXXVII (3)(307):535-556.
Source: RePEc

ABSTRACT This paper attempts to explain the socioeconomic consequences of carrying an “atypical name” for the case of Colombia. The results from the first part of the paper indicate that young women, with less educated parents, living in rural areas, and belonging to ethnic minorities are more likely to carry an atypical name. The results from the second part show that carrying an atypical name may have a large impact upon earnings (over 10%). This effect is much greater for educated individuals than for non-educated ones. // Este artículo examina las consecuencias en los ingresos laborales de tener un nombre atípico para el caso colombiano. La primera parte del artículo muestra que los jóvenes, hijos de padres no escolarizados, habitantes de zonas rurales y pertenecientes a minorías étnicas tienen una mayor probabilidad de tener un nombre atípico. La segunda parte muestra que el efecto de un nombre atípico en los salarios es grande (superior a 10%) y que el mismo es mucho mayor para las personas escolarizadas que para los no escolarizadas. Los resultados sugieren la existencia de mecanismos de trasmisión intergeneracional distinto de los tradicionales (restricciones de crédito, mecanismos hereditarios, transferencias de ingresos, etc.).

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    ABSTRACT: Nonexperimental data are used to evaluate impacts of a Bolivian preschool program on cognitive, psychosocial, and anthropometric outcomes. Impacts are shown to be highly dependent on age and exposure duration. To minimize the effect of distributional assumptions, program impacts are estimated as nonparametric functions of age and duration. A generalized matching estimator is developed and used to control for nonrandom selectivity into the program and into exposure durations. Comparisons with three groups-children in the feeder area not in the program, children in the program for ≤ 1 month, and children living in similar areas without the program-indicate that estimates are robust for significant positive effects of the program on cognitive and psychosocial outcomes with ≥ 7 months' exposure, although the age patterns of effects differ slightly by comparison group. Copyright (c) 2004 President and Fellows of Harvard College and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology.
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  • The Fourth Great Awakening and the Future of EgalitarianismThe Causes and Consequences of Distinctively Black Names”. R W Fogel . 767-805.

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