Article

Lineage-specific evolution of T-cell immunoglobulin and mucin domain 1 gene in the primates.

Department of Molecular Pathogenesis, Medical Research Institute, Tokyo Medical and Dental University, 1-5-45 Yushima, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113-8510, Japan.
Immunogenetics (Impact Factor: 2.89). 06/2012; 64(9):669-78. DOI: 10.1007/s00251-012-0628-y
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT T-cell immunoglobulin domain and mucin domain containing protein 1 (TIM1), also known as a cellular receptor for hepatitis A virus (HAVCR1) or a molecule induced by ischemic injury in the kidney (KIM1), is involved in the regulation of immune responses. We investigated a natural selection history of TIM1 by comparative sequencing analysis in 24 different primates. It was found that TIM1 had become a pseudogene in multiple lineages of the New World monkey. We also investigated T cell lines originated from four different New World monkey species and confirmed that TIM1 was not expressed at the mRNA level. On the other hand, there were ten amino acid sites in the Ig domain of TIM1 in the other primates, which were suggested to be under positive natural selection. In addition, mucin domain of TIM1 was highly polymorphic in the Old World monkeys, which might be under balanced selection. These data suggested that TIM1 underwent a lineage-specific evolutionary pathway in the primates.

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