Increased frequency of osteoporosis and BMD below the expected range for age among South Korean women with rheumatoid arthritis
ABSTRACT To compare the frequency of osteoporosis and bone mineral density (BMD) below the expected range for age between female patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and healthy subjects and to determine risk factors for bone loss in female patients with RA.
Two hundred and ninety-nine patients with RA and 246 age-matched healthy subjects were included in this study. BMD in the lumbar spine, femoral neck and total hip were measured with dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry. A T-score of -2.5 or lower in postmenopausal women was defined as osteoporosis, and a Z-score -2.0 or lower in females prior to menopause was defined as below the expected range for age.
The frequency of osteoporosis in the RA patients (22.1%) was significantly higher than in healthy subjects (11.4%) at either the spine or hip (P = 0.014). The occurrence of BMD below the expected range for age in RA patients (7.8%) was also significantly higher than in healthy subjects (1.0%, P = 0.015). In 299 female patients with RA, higher age, lower body mass index and postmenopausal status were significantly associated with the lumbar spine and hip BMD reduction. Of disease-related variables, glucocorticoid use was independently associated with reduction of hip BMD.
The prevalence of osteoporosis in the RA patients was 1.9 times higher than in healthy subjects. Glucocorticoid use was a risk factor for generalized bone loss in female RA patients.
[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: The study was to investigate the outcomes of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients with hip fractures with a large-scale, population-based, nationwide, case-cohort study using the Taiwan National Health Insurance database. The group has hip fractures at a younger age, higher complication, and mortality rate, which indicate that early intervention is necessary. This study seeks to evaluate the incidence, mortality, and complication rates in RA patients with hip fractures, using a nationwide database. Data were collected from the National Health Insurance Research Database of Taiwan. The study group included 117,129 patients with hip fractures diagnosed from January 2004 to December 2010. Matching based on the propensity of RA patients was used. In total, 1,088 hip fractures were reported among patients with RA. Patients with hip fractures were divided into two groups: those without RA (controls) and those with RA (RA group). The incidence of hip fracture and mortality and complication rates after the hip fracture were then compared between the two groups. RA patients had a significantly higher incidence of hip fracture (3,260/100,000 person-years) compared with the general population (72/100,000 person-years). Hip fractures occurred significantly earlier among RA patients (70.6 ± 5.3 years) compared with the control group (76.1 ± 6.2 years). Cumulative mortality rates at 6-month and 1-year follow-up were significantly higher among patients in the RA group (9.47 and 18.47 %) compared to the controls (8.47 and 13.62 %) and among RA patients without hip fractures (3.24 and 6.16 %). There was a significantly higher incidence of osteomyelitis after hip fracture among the RA group than among the body mass index-, comorbidity-, age-, and sex-matched patients in the control group. Compared to patients without RA, those with RA have a higher incidence of hip fractures at a relatively younger age and with higher complication and mortality rates. Steroid and disease-modifying anti-rheumatic drugs, the most common medicine in Taiwanese RA patients, might contribute to the high incidence of fracture and post-op infection. Appropriate early intervention to prevent hip fractures in RA patients is a critical issue in rheumatology care.Osteoporosis International 11/2014; 26(2). DOI:10.1007/s00198-014-2968-y · 4.17 Impact Factor
[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Osteoporosis (OP) commonly occurs in the setting of inflammatory arthritis, whereas there is an inverse relationship with osteoarthritis (OA). We review the recent updates in epidemiology and pathophysiology of OP relating to several arthridities. In ankylosing spondylitis, lateral lumbar spine dual x-ray absorptiometry is better at detecting osteoporosis compared with the AP view and patients receiving treatment with anti- tumor necrosis factor medications had lower levels of bone turnover markers. With regard to rheumatoid arthritis, anticitrullinated peptide positivity without clinical arthritis as well as higher levels of interleukin-6 is associated with decreased bone mineral density and polymorphisms in the vitamin D receptor in RA patients may predispose to OP. With regard to OA, results from the Global Longitudinal Study of Osteoporosis in Women study and several radiological studies suggest that differences in the distribution of bone mass at the femoral neck may account for the inverse relationship of OA and OP, and several studies suggest that OA and OP have opposing cytokine and bone metabolism marker profiles.Current Osteoporosis Reports 10/2013; DOI:10.1007/s11914-013-0172-1
[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: To evaluate the clinical and radiological results of radiolunate (RL) arthrodesis for rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients treated with disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs and/or biologicals with an average of 7 years of follow-up. In addition, we compared the results in advanced stages with those in less advanced stages in patients with comparatively low disease activity of RA. This study included RL arthrodesis for 22 wrists in 19 patients with comparatively low disease activity of RA. The mean follow-up period was 7 years (range, 2-16 y). Fourteen wrists with Larsen classification grade III and 8 wrists with grade IV were included in this study. The range of motion was calculated, and clinical scores were graded using the Mayo wrist score and the Stanley classification. The carpal height ratio (CHR) and ulnar translation (UT) were determined from the radiographs. All wrists achieved radiographic fusion. Clinical scores were markedly improved, although there was a decrease in flexion. The Larsen grade did not deteriorate during follow-up. CHR and UT improved immediately after operation and remained good through the final follow-up. Although the flexion/extension range of motion of the grade IV wrists was smaller than that of the grade III wrists at follow-up, both groups obtained good clinical results. Our results for RL arthrodesis were clinically and radiologically better than those of previous reports. Control of the disease activity of RA could theoretically be a factor in obtaining good long-term clinical and radiographic outcomes. RL arthrodesis is our recommended procedure for the RA wrist even in the advanced stage. Therapeutic IV.The Journal of hand surgery 08/2013; 38(8):1484-91. DOI:10.1016/j.jhsa.2013.05.007 · 1.66 Impact Factor