Article

Development of wooden portal frame structures with improved columns

Journal of Wood Science (Impact Factor: 0.83). 02/2006; 52(1):51-57. DOI: 10.1007/s10086-005-0714-y

ABSTRACT In Japan, the lifetime cycle of most housing lasts around 20–30 years. A governing factor in this respect is poor durability
due to old-fashioned use of the house. As a solution of this problem, houses can be built with a skeleton structure that allows
free partition of spaces by future owners. To develop the skeleton structure effectively, multistory frames with spans of
6 to 10 m are required. For this reason, attention has been focused on the behavior of multistory timber frame structures.
In this article, two types of wooden portal frame structures are proposed. Both structures have improved vertical columns
with short horizontal members glued in. The aim of this study was to investigate structurally effective solutions with these
types of columns. The first type of the new structure changed the location of the moment-transmitting ductile connection with
the improved columns. The second type of structure used an extended panel zone. Nine portal frame specimens were tested. The
stiffness values were improved by around 1.7 and 3.5 times when compared with the control, and the strength was improved by
around 1.25 and 1.45 times.
Key wordsImproved column-Timber-Portal frame-Multi-story-Semirigid

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