The Impact of the Work Environment on Prison Staff: The Issue of Consideration, Structure, Job Variety, and Training

American Journal of Criminal Justice 01/2009; 34(3):166-180. DOI: 10.1007/s12103-009-9062-6

ABSTRACT Correctional staff are instrumental in ensuring the success of any correctional institution; therefore, investigating how
the work environment impacts correctional workers is essential. To determine the effects of supervisory consideration, supervisory
structure, job variety, and perceptions of training on correctional staff job stress, job satisfaction, and organizational
commitment, data from a survey of staff at a Midwestern private correctional facility were examined. The Ordinary Least Squares
regression results indicate that each of the work environment factors had a significant impact on one or more of the three
outcomes. Specifically, supervisory consideration and perceptions of training decreased job stress. Supervisory consideration,
job variety, and perceptions of training had positive effects on job satisfaction. Finally, supervisory consideration, supervisory
structure, job variety, and perceptions of training had positive relationships with organizational commitment.

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