Article

Fertility Preservation for Young Women with Rectal Cancer—A Combined Approach from One Referral Center

Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery (Impact Factor: 2.36). 13(6):1111-1115. DOI: 10.1007/s11605-009-0829-3

ABSTRACT BackgroundUp to 6% of women with colorectal cancer are diagnosed in the reproductive age and are at risk for premature ovarian failure
and infertility due to pelvic irradiation and chemotherapy.

Study DesignBetween 1997 and 2007, six women with rectal carcinoma were referred to the McGill Reproductive Center (Montreal, Canada)
for fertility preservation. Following resection of their primary tumor, they were scheduled to undergo pelvic irradiation.

ResultsFive patients underwent laparoscopic ovarian lateral transposition before radiotherapy in order to relocate their ovaries
outside the radiation field. A concomitant ovarian wedge resection was performed for ovarian cryopreservation. In two of these
women, before dissecting the ovarian cortical tissue for cryopreservation, all visible follicles were aspirated. The sixth
patient who had had low anterior resection underwent hormonal ovarian stimulation followed by oocyte retrieval and embryo
vitrification.

ConclusionsFertility preservation in women with rectal cancer is feasible. This includes laparoscopic ovarian transposition and cryopreservation
of ovarian tissue, embryo, or oocyte.

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