Analysis of Transgenic Tobacco Plants Carrying the Gene for the Surface Antigen of the Hepatitis B Virus
ABSTRACT The plasmids carrying the gene encoding the hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) under the control of 35S RNA single or dual promoters of the cauliflower mosaic virus CaMV 35S were constructed. These constructions were used for obtaining transgenic tobacco plants that synthesize the HBs antigen. The presence of HBsAg in tobacco plant extracts was confirmed by the enzyme-linked immunoassay using antibodies against the native HBs antigen. The antigen amount in plants carrying the HBsAg gene under a single 35S promoter was 0.0001–0.001 of the total soluble protein whereas the use of a dual 35S promoter increased the antigen synthesis to 0.002–0.05% of the protein. The antigen-synthesizing ability was inherited by the offspring. In the F1 plants, the antigen expression varied in different lines comprising 0.001 to 0.03% of the total soluble protein, which corresponded to the antigen amount in the F0 plants.
SourceAvailable from: Elena Rukavtsova[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: The pBM plasmid, carrying the gene of hepatitis B virus surface antigen (HBsAg) and free of any selection markers of antibiotic or herbicide resistance, was constructed for genetic transformation of plants. A method for screening transformed plant seedlings on nonselective media was developed. Enzyme immunoassay was used for selecting transgenic plants with HBsAg gene among the produced regenerants; this method provides for a high sensitivity detection of HBsAg in plant extracts. Tobacco and tomato transgenic lines synthesizing this antigen at a level of 0.01–0.05% of the total soluble protein were obtained. The achieved level of HBsAg synthesis is sufficient for preclinical trials of the produced plants as a new generation safe edible vaccine. The developed method for selecting transformants can be used for producing safe plants free of selection markers.Russian Journal of Genetics 08/2009; 45(8):924-928. DOI:10.1134/S1022795409080055 · 0.41 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: The tobacco plants (Nicotiana tabacum L.) carrying the HBsAg gene controlled by (Aocs)3AmasPmas, the hybrid promoter that includes regulatory elements of the agrobacterial octopine and mannopine synthase genes, as well as plants controlled by the same promoter and adh1, maize alcohol dehydrogenase gene intron were obtained. The presence of the adh1 gene intron did not significantly change the level of expression of the HBsAg gene in plants. The analysis of expression of hepatitis B virus surface antigen (HBs-antigen) in transformed plants expressing the HBsAg under the control of different promoters was made. The level of HBs-antigen in plants carrying the HBsAg gene controlled by (Aocs)3AmasPmas, the hybrid agrobacterium-derived promoter, was the highest in roots and made up to 0.01% of total amount of soluble protein. The level of HBs-antigen in plants carrying the HBsAg gene controlled by the dual 35S RNA cauliflower mosaic virus promoter was the same in all organs of the plant and made up to 0.06% of the total amount of soluble protein. Hairy root and callus cultures of plants carrying the HBsAg gene and expressing the HBs-antigen were obtained.Russian Journal of Plant Physiology 10/2007; 54(6):770-775. DOI:10.1134/S1021443707060088 · 0.76 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Transgenic potato plants expressing the gene of hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) under the control of the double promoter of 35S RNA of cauliflower mosaic virus (CaMV 35SS) and the promoter of patatin gene of potato tubers have been obtained. Biochemical analysis of the plants was performed. The amount of HBsAg in leaves, microtubers, and tubers of transgenic potatoes growing in vitro and in vivo was 0.005-0.035% of the total soluble protein. HBsAg content reached 1 microg/g in potato tubers and was maximal in plants expressing the HBsAg gene under the control of CaMV 35SS promoter. In transgenic plants expressing HBsAg gene under the control of tuber-specific patatin promoter, HBsAg was found only in microtubers and tubers and was absent in leaves. Western blot analysis of HBsAg eluted from immunoaffinity protein A-Sepharose matrix has been performed. The molecular weight of HBsAg peptide was approximately 24 kD, which is in agreement with the size of the major protein of the envelope of hepatitis B virus. Using gel filtration, it was determined that the product of HBsAg gene expression in potato plants is converted into high-molecular-weight multimeric particles. Therefore, as well as in recombinant HBsAg-yeast cells, assembling of HBsAg monomers into immunogenic aggregates takes place in HBsAg-transgenic potato, which can be used as a source of recombinant vaccine against hepatitis B virus.Biochemistry (Moscow) 11/2004; 69(10):1158-64. DOI:10.1023/B:BIRY.0000046891.46282.c8 · 1.35 Impact Factor