Effects of sucrose on starch accumulation and rate of photosynthesis in Rosa cultured in vitro
ABSTRACT Shootlets of Rosa multiflora L. cv. Montse were cultured in vitro with four different levels of sucrose (0, 1, 3 and 5%). Chloroplasts of shootlets grown in a medium without sucrose contained numerous, large plastoglobuli and were lacking in starch granules. The size and number of starch granules increased with the level of sucrose in the culture medium. Starch content in leaves of shootlets grown with 5% sucrose was higher (ca 1, 3%) than those grown with 3% (ca 0, 45%) and 1% sucrose (ca 0, 27%). Starch might be used by the in vitro shootlets during the acclimation period.
- American Journal of Botany - AMER J BOT. 01/1982; 69(10).
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ABSTRACT: The use of tissue culture for cloning ornamentals is expensive and presently limited to a certain number of species. However, the introduction of some additional new techniques may possibly reduce the cost and broaden the range of plants that can be propagated economically in vitro. In this report, a survey is given of the methodology followed in our laboratory and its adaptation to commercial practices.Stock plants are grown under controlled conditions prior to in vitro culture in order to obtain healthier explants and uniform response (stage 0). After the establishment of aseptic cultures (stage I), buds are propagated (stage II), and are then prepared to harvest uniform cuttings (stage IIIa). Those cuttings are rooted under in vivo conditions (stage IIIb).Scientia Horticulturae. 01/1981;
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ABSTRACT: A low-viscosity embedding medium based on ERL-4206 is recommended for use in electron microscopy. The composition is: ERL-4206 (vinyl cyclohexene dioxide) 10 g, D.E.R. 736 (diglycidyl ether of polypropylene glycol) 6 g, NSA (nonenyl succinic anhydride) 26 g, and S-1 (dimethylaminoethanol or DMAE) 0.4 g. The medium is easily and rapidly prepared by dispensing the components, in turn by weight, into a single flask. The relatively low viscosity of the medium (60 cP) permits rapid mixing by shaking and swirling. The medium is infiltrated into specimens after the use of any one of several dehydrating fluids, such as ethanol, acetone, dioxan, hexylene glycol, isopropyl alcohol, propylene oxide, and tert.-butyl alcohol. It is compatible with each of these in all proportions. After infiltration the castings are polymerized at 70°C in 8 hours. Longer curing does not adversely affect the physical properties of the castings. Curing time can be reduced by increasing the temperature or the accelerator, S-1, or both; and the hardness of the castings is controlled by changes in the D.E.R. 736 flexibilizer. The medium has a long pot life of several days and infiltrates readily because of its low viscosity. The castings have good trimming and sectioning qualities. The embedding matrix of the sections is very resistant to oxidation by KMnO4 and Ba(MnO4)2, compared with resins containing NADIC methyl anhydride. Sections are tough under the electron beam and may be used without a supporting membrane on the grids. The background plastic in the sections shows no perceptible substructure at magnifications commonly used for biological materials. The medium has been used successfully with a wide range of specimens, including endosperms with a high lipid content, tissues with hard, lignified cell walls, and highly vacuolated parenchymatous tissues of ripe fruits.Journal of Ultrastructure Research 02/1969; 26(1):31-43.