Effects of role division, interaction, and shared mental model on team performance in project-based learning environment

Asia Pacific Education Review (Impact Factor: 0.47). 05/2011; 12(2):301-310. DOI: 10.1007/s12564-010-9142-9


The purpose of this study was to investigate the cognitive mechanism of project-based learning teams of college students on
the basis of the Shared Mental Model (SMM) theory. The study participants were 237 female college students in Korea organized
into 51 project teams. To test the study hypotheses, a structural equation modeling was employed. The major study findings
are as follows: (1) As hypothesized, member interaction was a strong predictor both for team-related and for task-related
SMM. (2) The level of the team’s division of labor reduced the member interactions. (3) Team-related and task-related SMMs
were positively associated with team performance. The theoretical and practical implications based on these results are discussed.

KeywordsShared mental model–Role division–Team performance

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