Reconstruction of a massive thoracic defect: The use of anatomic rib-spanning plates
ABSTRACT Larger thoracic defects require stable yet flexible reconstruction to prevent flail chest and debilitating respiratory impairment. We present the use of locking rib-spanning plates as a chest salvage procedure.
A 30-year-old male presented with a massive desmoid tumor in the posterolateral aspect of the chest wall. The mass measured 22 by 14 by 6 cm and involved the posterior third through seventh ribs. The patient underwent wide excision and reconstruction in layers with a porcine dermal substitute for the pleura, locking rib-spanning plates for structural support, and coverage with ipsilateral latissimus dorsi.
The patient tolerated the procedure without complication. He was extubated on postoperative day zero and has had an uneventful course.
Chest wall reconstruction with rib-spanning plates is an alternative method of reconstruction for large chest wall defects. This method limits the foreign body burden while providing rigid structural support. This technique also makes chest wall reconstruction possible in situations that might previously have been treated with pneumonectomy.
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ABSTRACT: We report a case of reconstruction of a large full-thickness posterolateral defect of the chest wall after resection of a stage III non-small cell lung carcinoma (NSCLC) using the combination of a vertical expandable prosthetic titanium device and a polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) mesh. A 40-year-old female presented with a NSCLC classified as type IIIA and required both neoadjuvant radiotherapy and chemotherapy. An en bloc resection including the left upper lobe, posterolateral segments of five ribs (K3-K7) and vertebral bodies (T3-T6) was performed through a posterior J-shaped approach. A vertical rib osteosynthesis system was used to ensure thoracic wall stability and mechanical organ protection, prevent ventilatory impairment, avoid incarceration of the tip of the scapula, and maintain an acceptable cosmetic aspect. The device was locked onto the middle arch of the second and eighth ribs. We hung the PTFE mesh from the titanium bars with multiple non-absorbable sutures under maximal tension. Final pathological classification was T4N0M0 with an R0 final resection status. After an uneventful course, the patient was discharged on postoperative day 10. This first experience indicates that vertical rib osteosynthesis combined with a PTFE mesh can be used safely and easily in a one-stage procedure for major posterior chest wall defects.Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery 05/2011; 13(2):223-5. DOI:10.1510/icvts.2011.269175 · 1.11 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: The reconstruction of large full-thickness chest wall defects after resection of T3/T4 non-small cell lung carcinomas or primary chest wall tumors presents a technical challenge for thoracic surgeons and plays a central role in determining postoperative morbidity. The objective is to evaluate our results in chest wall reconstruction using a combination of expanded polytetrafluoroethylene (ePTFE) mesh and titanium plates. Since 2006, 19 patients underwent reconstruction for wide chest wall defects using a combination of ePTFE mesh and titanium plates. The chest wall reconstruction was achieved by using a layer of 2-mm thickness ePTFE shaped to match the chest wall defect and sewed under maximum tension. The ePTFE is placed close to the lung and fixed onto the bony framework and onto the titanium plate, which is inserted on the ribs. Seventeen patients underwent a complete R0 resection with the removal of 3 to 9 ribs (mean, 4.8 ribs), including the sternum in 7 cases. Reconstruction required 1 to 4 horizontal titanium bars (mean, 1.7 bars). In 1 patient, a vertical titanium device was implanted for a large posterolateral defect. There were 2 cases of infection, which required explantation of the osteosynthesis system in 1 patient. One patient had partial skin necrosis that required prompt debridement. One patient had a major complication in the form of respiratory failure. Our experience and initial results show that titanium rib osteosynthesis in combination with Dualmesh can easily and safely be used in a one-stage procedure for major chest wall defects.The Annals of thoracic surgery 06/2011; 91(6):1709-16. DOI:10.1016/j.athoracsur.2011.02.014 · 3.65 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: The repair of complex chest wall defects presents a challenging problem for the reconstructive surgeon. Although the majority of such defects could be repaired with the use of local and regional musculocutaneous flaps, more complicated cases require increasingly sophisticated reconstructive techniques. This study reviews the experience at a single cancer center with chest wall reconstruction over a decade. A retrospective review was undertaken for each patient who underwent chest wall reconstruction from 1992 to 2002. Patient demographics and variables, including pathologic diagnosis, extent of resection, size of defect, method of reconstruction, and outcome were evaluated. There was a total of 113 patients, 88 females and 25 males. The average age was 58 years (range, 19-88 years). The most common diagnoses were breast cancer and sarcoma. The average area of the chest wall defect after resection was 266 cm. One hundred fifty-seven musculocutaneous or muscle flaps were performed for reconstruction of the chest wall. Eleven percent of patients underwent reconstruction with autologous free tissue transfer. One hundred six patients underwent a single operation. Seven patients required a second operation for salvage of a complication. In 19 cases (15%), more than 1 flap was used simultaneously to complete the reconstruction. Eighty-four percent of the patients achieved stable chest wall reconstruction with no complications. Seven patients (4%) had partial (>10%) flap loss. The most common remaining postoperative complications were delayed wound healing (3% of patients), infection (2.5%), and hematoma (2.5%). Immediate chest wall reconstruction is safe, reliable, and can most often be accomplished with 1 operation. A variety of flaps, both single and in combination, could be used to achieve definitive coverage of the chest wall after extirpative surgery. The reconstructive choice is dependent on factors such as size of the defect, location on the chest wall, arc of rotation of the flap, and availability of recipient vessels. Based on this single institutional experience over a decade, an algorithm to chest wall reconstruction is provided.Annals of Plastic Surgery 05/2004; 52(5):471-9; discussion 479. DOI:10.1097/01.sap.0000122653.09641.f8 · 1.46 Impact Factor