Reduced intraoperative bleeding during transurethral resection of the prostate: Evaluation of finasteride, vascular endothelial growth factor, and CD34

Current Prostate Reports 08/2008; 6(3):123-127. DOI: 10.1007/s11918-008-0019-x

ABSTRACT Finasteride is an antiandrogen that inhibits 5-α-reductase, an enzyme that converts testosterone to dihydrotestosterone. Finasteride
significantly reduces intraoperative bleeding when 10 mg/d is administered for 60 days before transurethral resection of the
prostate. Our double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled study evaluated 200 patients with benign prostatic hyperplasia
who underwent transurethral resection of the prostate. We compared a placebo group (n = 100) with a group (n = 100) administered 5 mg of finasteride twice a day for 8 weeks. We intended to demonstrate the mechanisms and effects of
finasteride compared with those of vascular endothelial growth factor, and to evaluate CD34, an immunohistochemical marker
of blood vessel density in the prostate. Our results indicated a lower average microvascular density and vascular endothelial
growth factor index for hypertrophic prostate in the finasteride group than in the placebo group.

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    ABSTRACT: 5α-reductase inhibitors (5α-RIs), including finasteride and dutasteride, are commonly used medical therapies for benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH). Many studies reported that preoperative 5α-RI had impact on intraoperative haemorrhage during surgery for BPH, but it was still in controversial. So, we conducted a systematic review of the effects and mechanisms of 5α-RIs on intraoperative bleeding for BPH. MEDLINE, EMBASE, the Cochrane Controlled Trail Register of Controlled Trials and the reference lists of retrieved studies were searched in the analysis. Sixteen publications involving 15 different randomized controlled trials (RCTs) and a total of 1156 patients were used in the analysis, including 10 RCTs for finasteride and five RCTs for dutasteride. We found that preoperative finasteride treatment decreases microvessel density (MVD) in resected prostate specimens. Total blood loss, blood loss per gram of resected prostate tissue and decreases in haemoglobin were all greatly reduced in the finasteride group as compared to controls. Dutasteride appeared to have no effect on bleeding. This meta-analysis shows that preoperative finasteride treatment could decrease intraoperative haemorrhage during surgery for BPH. Preoperative dutasteride had no effect on intraoperative haemorrhage, but further high-quality prospective studies are still needed to confirm this observation.
    Asian Journal of Andrology 09/2011; 13(6):812-8. DOI:10.1038/aja.2011.86 · 2.60 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Objective: To investigate if short-term treatment with dutasteride (8 weeks) before bipolar transurethral resection of the prostate (B-TURP) can reduce intraoperative bleeding, as dutasteride a dual 5α-reductase inhibitor (5-ARI) blocks the conversion of testosterone into its active form dihydrotestosterone (DHT), and reduces prostate volume and prostate-specific antigen (PSA) levels, while increasing urinary flow rate. Patients and methods: In all, 259 patients were enrolled and randomised to two groups: Group A, receiving placebo and Group B, receiving dutasteride (0.5 mg daily for 8 weeks). Blood samples were taken before and after B-TURP for serum chemistry evaluation. In particular we evaluated blood parameters associated with blood loss [haemoglobin (Hb) and haematocrit (Ht)] and prostate vascularity [vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) immunoreactivity and microvessel density (MVD) using cluster of differentiation 34 (CD34) immunoreactivity]. Results: Total testosterone, DHT, PSA level and prostate volume were evaluated and with the exception of DHT and PSA level there was no statistically significant differences between the groups. When comparing changes in Hb and Ht between Group A and Group B before and after B-TURP, there was a statistically significant difference only in patients with large prostates of ≥50 mL (ΔHb 3.86 vs 2.05 g/dL and ΔHt 4.98 vs 2.64%, in Groups A and B, respectively). There was no significant difference in MVD and VEGF index in prostates of <50 mL, conversely in large prostates the difference become statistically significant. Conclusions: Dutasteride was able to reduce operative and perioperative bleeding only in patients with large prostates (≥50 mL) that underwent B-TURP. Our findings are confirmed by Hb and Ht values reported before and after the B-TURP and reductions in the molecular markers for VEGF and CD34 in the dutasteride-treated specimens.
    BJU International 10/2014; 14(2). DOI:10.1111/bju.12917 · 3.53 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The ability of 5α-reductase inhibitors (5ARIs) to decrease blood loss during transurethral resection of the prostate (TURP) for benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) remains controversial. We aimed to conduct a meta-analysis of all randomized controlled trials (RCTs) to establish the role of 5ARI use prior to TURP. We searched studies from the electronic databases PubMed, Embase, Scopus, and Cochrane Library from inception to March 25, 2014. Meta-analysis was performed using the statistical software Review Manager version 5.1. Seventeen RCTs including 1489 patients were examined. We observed that preoperative treatment with finasteride can decrease total blood loss, blood loss per gram of resected prostate tissue, hemoglobin level alteration, microvessel density (MVD), and vascular endothelial growth factor level. Neither finasteride nor dutasteride reduced operative time, prostate volume, or the weight of gland resected. In contrast, pretreatment with dutasteride before TURP did not decrease the total blood loss or MVD. Pretreatment with finasteride does seem to reduce perioperative blood loss related to TURP for BPH patients. However, the effect of preoperative dutasteride was inconclusive. Further studies are required to strengthen future recommendations regarding the use of 5ARI as a standard pre-TURP treatment and its optimal regimen.
    BMC Urology 06/2015; 15(1). DOI:10.1186/s12894-015-0043-4 · 1.41 Impact Factor