Article

Ambulante Psychotherapie in Deutschland aus Sicht der Patienten

Psychotherapeut (Impact Factor: 0.78). 01/2010; 55(6):503-514. DOI:10.1007/s00278-010-0778-z

ABSTRACT Die vorgestellte Studie liefert Aussagen über die Versorgungssituation im Bereich der ambulanten Psychotherapie in Deutschland
unter realen Praxisbedingungen. Im Rahmen einer bevölkerungsrepräsentativen Erhebung (Juni 2008 bis September 2009) wurden
insgesamt 1212Personen, die im Zeitraum der letzten 6Jahre in ambulanter psychotherapeutischer Behandlung waren (698Befragte)
oder derzeit noch in ambulanter Psychotherapie sind (n=514) telefonisch zu ihren Erfahrungen mit ihrer ambulanten psychotherapeutischen
Behandlung befragt. Es wurden neben sozioökonomischen Merkmalen auch Angaben zu Anlass, Zugangswegen, Kostenträgern und Ansprechpartnern
für psychische Erkrankungen erhoben. Die Behandlungsformen, begleitende medikamentöse Behandlungen und Behandlungssettings
der Psychotherapie werden beschrieben. Die vorliegenden Ergebnisse verdeutlichen die Problematik der Multimorbidität in der
Versorgungspraxis und bestätigen den hohen Bedarf an fachgerechter psychotherapeutischer Versorgung. Um die Zugangswege zu
ambulanter Psychotherapie zu verbessern, bedarf es einer engen Kooperation zwischen allen Behandlern.

This study analyzed the provision of outpatient psychotherapy services in Germany in typical practice settings. In a representative
survey (from June 2008 to September 2009) 1,212 subjects who received outpatient psychotherapy during the past 6 years were
questioned about their experiences with outpatient psychotherapy via telephone interviews. Socio-economic data, reasons for
seeking treatment, access paths, financial resources and psychosocial support data were collected. Therapeutic settings and
modalities and concomitant medication treatment are described. The findings illustrate the problem of multiple psychiatric
morbidity in the clinical practice and confirm the urgent need for patient access to professional psychotherapeutic services.
Improving access to these services requires close cooperation between care providers.

SchlüsselwörterAmbulante Psychotherapie-Inanspruchnahme-Versorgungsforschung-Deutschlandweite Erhebung
KeywordsOutpatient psychotherapy-Utilization-Germany-Representative survey

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