Cancer et socio-esthétique: évaluation psychologique des changements de l’image du corps grâce au dessin de la personne

Psycho-Oncologie (Impact Factor: 0.24). 01/2010; 4:38-46. DOI: 10.1007/s11839-010-0299-6

ABSTRACT Les personnes atteintes de cancer subissent souvent une détérioration importante de l’image du corps. Le but de notre étude
est d’explorer qualitativement l’impact psychologique d’une pratique socio-esthétique sur des patientes atteintes de divers
types de cancers, notamment en ce qui concerne l’image du corps. Cette étude est illustrée par le cas d’Annie. Nous avons
rencontré cette patiente avant qu’elle ne débute les soins esthétiques et nous l’avons suivie pendant sa prise en charge (quatre
soins et trois rencontres au total). Chaque rencontre fait l’objet d’un entretien semi-directif et de la réalisation de dessins
de la personne répondant à trois consignes différentes (donc trois dessins par rencontre). Le dessin de la personne, véritable
outil clinique, permet de confronter les discours réels et inconscients. Notre démarche évolutive a permis d’aborder les ressentis
d’Annie vis-à-vis de sa prise en charge socio-esthétique, en lien avec son vécu douloureux de la maladie. L’impact de cette
pratique dans le suivi médical global de cette patiente a été évalué.

People suffering from cancer often experience a significant deterioration of body image. The purpose of our research is to
explore qualitatively the psychological impact of a beauty therapy practice on patients suffering from various types of cancers,
especially as far as body image is concerned. This study is illustrated by the case of Annie. We met this patient before she
started any beauty therapy practice and we have followed her during her care time (4 cares and 3 meetings altogether). Each
meeting is the subject of a partially guided interview and of the realization of drawings of the person answering three different
instructions (thus 3 drawings for 3 meetings). The drawing of the person, a real clinical tool, allows comparison of real
and unconscious speeches. Our evolutive approach enabled us to address Annie’s feelings about her beauty therapy, in relation
to her painful experience of the disease. The impact of such a practice throughout the comprehensive medical care of this
patient has been evaluated.

Mots clésCancer–Image du corps–Socio-esthétique–Dessin de la personne
KeywordsCancer–Body image–Beauty therapy–Drawing of the person

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