C. V. Raman and the Discovery of the Raman Effect

Physics in Perspective (Impact Factor: 0.41). 11/2002; 4(4):399-420. DOI: 10.1007/s000160200002


In 1928 the Indian physicist C. V. Raman (1888-1970) discovered the effect named after him virtually simultaneously with
the Russian physicists G. S. Landsberg (1890-1957) and L. I. Mandelstam (1879-1944). I first provide a biographical sketch
of Raman through his years in Calcutta (1907-1932) and Bangalore (after 1932). I then discuss his scientific work in acoustics,
astronomy, and optics up to 1928, including his views on Albert Einstein's light-quantum hypothesis and on Arthur Holly Compton's
discovery of the Compton effect, with particular reference to Compton's debate on it with William Duane in Toronto in 1924,
which Raman witnessed. I then examine Raman's discovery of the Raman effect and its reception among physicists. Finally, I
suggest reasons why Landsberg and Mandelstam did not share the Nobel Prize in Physics for 1930 with Raman.

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