Silicone tube intubation of the lacrimal drainage system.
ABSTRACT We report 158 silicone tubes placed in the lacrimal drainage systems in 150 patients. Intubation is indicated in the following: congenital nasolacrimal duct obstruction, fresh canalicular lacerations, primary canalicular disease, complicated dacryocystorhinostomies, canaliculorhinostomies, and failed dacryocystorhinostomies. The procedure may be useful prophylactically before surgery or radiation of the medial canthal region.
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ABSTRACT: To evaluate the surgical outcomes of endoscopic dacryocystorhinostomy followed by canalicular trephination and silicone stenting in patients with distal or common canalicular obstructions. The medical records of 29 patients (31 eyes) from January 2001 to December 2009 who underwent endoscopic dacryocystorhinostomy followed by canalicular trephination and silicone tube insertion for the treatment of distal or common canalicular obstructions were retrospectively reviewed. The level of obstruction was confirmed by intraoperative probing. The outcome of the surgery was categorized as a complete success, partial success, or failure according to the functional and anatomic patency. The average age of the patients was 52 years. The duration of silicone intubation ranged from 4 to 11 months with an average of 5.7±1.6 months. The follow-up period after stent removal ranged from 4 to 15 months with an average of 8.2±3.3 months. Complete success was achieved in 25 out of 31 eyes (80.6%), partial success in 4 out of 31 eyes (12.9%), and failure in 2 out of 31 eyes (6.5%). Endoscopic dacryocystorhinostomy followed by canalicular trephination and silicone stent intubation may be safe and considered as an initial treatment of patients with distal or common canalicular obstructions.Clinical and Experimental Otorhinolaryngology 06/2012; 5(2):101-6. · 0.88 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: To evaluate the long-term efficacy of silicone intubation in adults with presumed functional nasolacrimal duct obstruction. This retrospective cohort study reviewed adults with unilateral or bilateral epiphora and presumed functional nasolacrimal duct obstruction treated with silicone intubation and followed for signs of treatment failure (defined as persistent epiphora or need for a secondary procedure). Median time to event (failure) after silicone intubation was calculated using Kaplan-Meier survival analysis. Analysis was conducted at the level of the individual eye, with clustering by person taken in account. Cox proportional hazards models were used and adjusted for within-subject variance using a robust sandwich estimator. Forty-four eyes from 30 patients with isolated functional nasolacrimal duct obstruction underwent silicone intubation for epiphora. Mean time to stent removal in 40 of 44 eyes was 4.0 (±4.1) months. Mean duration from the time of stent placement to last follow-up was 2.6 (±2.0) years. Overall success after silicone intubation for resolution of symptoms was 77%. Kaplan-Meier survival analysis for time to event after silicone intubation yielded a median time of 5.7 years. Extrapolated data demonstrated a 96% success rate at 2 years and 85% success rate at 3 years and predicted approximately 50% of patients to have relief of epiphora between 5 and 6 years after silicone intubation. In this study, silicone intubation has good long-term success for relief of epiphora in patients with presumed functional nasolacrimal duct obstruction. This study provides important clinical information to guide management of epiphora in adults with functional nasolacrimal duct obstruction.Ophthalmic plastic and reconstructive surgery 01/2012; 28(1):35-9. · 0.69 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Herein we report our experience with a simple technique for reducing the rate of silicone tube extrusion after nasolacrimal duct (NLD) intubation for congenital NLD obstruction. Medical records of children older than 2 years, with or without history of failed probing, who had undergone NLD intubation with a Crawford silicone tube over a period of 4 years were reviewed. In all subjects, one end of the Crawford tube was passed through a piece of scalp vein tubing followed by applying one or two knots. All Crawford tubes were removed after 3 months. Main outcome measures included complications such as tube extrusion, nasal discharge, crust formation and pyogenic granuloma formation. Fifty-seven patients, including 49 unilateral and 8 bilateral cases with mean age of 3.8±1.6 (range, 2 to 11.5) years were operated. No complications such as tube dislodgement, significant nasal discharge, crust or pyogenic granuloma formation occurred prior to Crawford tube removal. All silicone tubes were successfully removed from the nasal cavity. In conclusion, passing one end of the Crawford tube through a small piece of scalp vein tubing before knotting it in the nasal cavity seems to decrease the rate of tube extrusion which is the most common complication following NLD intubation in children.Journal of ophthalmic & vision research. 10/2010; 5(4):280-3.