School children systolic and diastolic blood pressure values: YUSAD study

Clinical Centre of Serbia, 11000 Belgrade, Serbia
Central European Journal of Medicine (Impact Factor: 0.26). 01/2011; 6(5):634-639. DOI: 10.2478/s11536-011-0070-9

ABSTRACT The aim of the study was to analyze changes of systolic and diastolic blood pressure values over five and ten years separately
boys and girls and to estimate correlation between them. Three age groups from 8 centers in Serbia were evaluated: Group 1:
10 year old patients, Group 2: 15 year old and Group 3: 20 year old. Group with normal blood pressure values, prehypertensive
and hypertensive group were analyzed. Regarding the period of follow-up we analyzed: 10/15 years period-children between 10
and 15 years, 15/20 years period-children between 15 and 20 years, and 10/20 years period-children between 10 and 20 years.
Significant increase of diastolic blood pressure was noticed for both genders in 10/15 years period of prehypertensive population,
while in hypertensive children, boys showed decline in frequency for systolic and diastolic blood pressure and girls only
for diastolic. In 15/20 years period there was significant decrease of prehypertensive and significant increase of hypertensive
diastolic blood pressure frequency. In 10/20 years period significant reduction in frequency of prehypertensive systolic blood
pressure was noticed, while only hypertensive group of boys showed significant reduction regarding systolic blood pressure
frequency. Prehypertensive diastolic and hypertensive systolic blood pressure fluctuations are more related to age.

KeywordsBlood pressure–Hypertension–School age children–Follow-up