Neurological Complications of Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation
ABSTRACT Complications following hematopoietic stem cell transplantation have long been recognized. The causes are numerous, including
chemoradiotoxicity, medication toxicity, metabolic abnormalities, organ failure, graft versus host disease, infection, pancytopenia,
and platelet dysfunction. This chapter summarizes the disorders affecting the nervous system associated with hematopoietic
stem cell transplantation. As the number of transplants performed annually increases, potential neurologic complications are
being seen with increasing frequency.