Chapter

Theory of Consolidation

DOI: 10.1007/978-90-481-3441-0_4

ABSTRACT The next two chapters (Chaps.4 and5) deal with the important effect that soils are usually composed of two constituents:
solid particles and a fluid, usually water, but perhaps oil, or a mixture of a liquid and gas. Chapter4 presents the classical
theory, due to Terzaghi, of semi-static consolidation, and some elementary solutions. In Chap.5 the extension to the dynamical
case is presented, mainly for the one dimensional case, as first presented by De Josselin de Jong and Biot, in 1956. The solution
for the propagation of waves in a one dimensional column is presented, leading to the important conclusion that for most problems
a practically saturated soil can be considered as a medium in which the solid particles and the fluid move and deform together,
which in soil mechanics is usually denoted as a state of undrained deformations. For an elastic solid skeleton this means
that the soil behaves as an elastic material with Poisson’s ratio close to 0.5.

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