Quantifying, Understanding and Managing the Carbon Cycle in the Next Decades

Climatic Change (Impact Factor: 4.62). 12/2004; 67(2):147-160. DOI: 10.1007/s10584-004-3765-y
Source: OAI

ABSTRACT The human perturbation of the carbon cycle via the release of fossil CO2 and land use change is now well documented and agreed to be the principal cause of climate change. We address three fundamental research areas that require major development if we were to provide policy relevant knowledge for managing the carbon-climate system over the next few decades. The three research areas are: (i) carbon observations and multiple constraint data assimilation; (ii) vulnerability of the carbon-climate system; and (iii) carbon sequestration and sustainable development.

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Available from: Martin Heimann, Aug 31, 2015
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    • "The growing stock volume (GSV) of a forest, defined as the total volume of the stems of all living trees per unit area (m /ha), is often used for forest resource management and planning (FAO, 2004) and as a predictor of carbon-related variables such as above-ground biomass (AGB) and carbon stocks (Somogyi et al., 2008). Quantification of forest GSV and AGB is necessary to understand the spatial distribution of carbon in forests (Brown, 2002; Canadell, Ciais, Cox, & Heimann, 2004) and to derive prognostics for monitoring trends of carbon stocks (Kauppi, Mielikainen, & Kuusela, 1992; Fang, Oikawa, Kato, Mo, & Wang, 2005; Pan et al., 2011; Dolman et al., 2012; Nabuurs et al., 2013). Traditional approaches to estimate forest GSV rely upon field surveys by establishing plots that can then be combined to extrapolate estimates at stand, provincial or national levels (Tomppo, Gschwantner, Lawrence, & McRoberts, 2010). "
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    Remote Sensing of Environment 08/2015; 168:316-334. DOI:10.1016/j.rse.2015.07.005 · 6.39 Impact Factor
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    • "The vulnerability of the ecosystems to climate change brings important consequences for the climate system, as ecosystem changes may release carbon into the atmosphere, hence amplifying global warming (Canadell et al., 2004), which is considered a negative vegetation–climate feedback. Land use changes, with increased rate of logging and mining in the forest areas could increase the vulnerability of the forest. "
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    Forest Policy and Economics 10/2012; 23:1-9. DOI:10.1016/j.forpol.2012.06.009 · 1.81 Impact Factor
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    • "The terrestrial biosphere offers significant possibilities for future sink enhancement through changes in vegetation and soil management. However this sink is also vulnerable under climate change and variability and it may become saturated (Scholes and Noble, 2001; Canadell et al., 2004). Uncertainty in net ecosystem exchange of carbon (F NEE ) is highest for the Land Use Change and Forestry Sector of the Kyoto Protocol; hence improved methods for estimating F NEE are needed to reduce uncertainty in carbon budgets across the spectrum of spatial and temporal scales. "
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