Article

Sleep disorders and behavioural problems among 8- to 11-year-old children

Kinderklinik, Krankenhaus Porz/Rhein Postfach 900680 51116 Köln Germany
Somnologie - Schlafforschung und Schlafmedizin 01/2005; 9(4):210-214. DOI: 10.1111/j.1439-054X.2005.00073.x

ABSTRACT Question of the studyTo assess the prevalence of sleep disorders in 8- to 11-year-old children and their relation to behavioural problems.

Study designA population based, cross-sectional survey was carried out among fourth-grade elementary school children in Cologne, Germany.
A total of 8599 children were enrolled. Parent-completed and children-completed questionnaires were used to ascertain sleep
disorders and behavioural problems.

ResultsIn all, 4531 questionnaires were completed. Parent-reported sleep onset delays were frequent with 6% of the children, problems
to sleep through the night with 3%, daytime sleepiness with 1%. Children-reported sleep onset delays were frequent with 10%,
problems to sleep through the night with 6%, and daytime sleepiness with 3%. Children with these sleep disorders and daytime
sleepiness had an increased risk of emotional problems, hyperactivity, conduct problems, peer problems, and social difficulties
compared with children without sleep disorders or daytime sleepiness.

ConclusionsSleep disorders are common among 8- to 11-year-old children. To assess the prelalence of sleep disorders among school children,
parent-completed and children-completed questionnaires are necessary. Sleep onset delays, problems to sleep through the night,
and daytime sleepiness among children are associated with an increased risk of behavioural problems.

FragestellungUntersuchung der Prävalenz von Schlafstörungen bei 8–11 Jahre alten Kindern und deren Auswirkung auf Verhaltensprobleme.

StudiendesignEs wurde eine populations-bezogene Querschnittsuntersuchung bei allen Kinder der 4. Grundschulklasse in Köln durchgeführt.
8599 Kinder waren einbezogen. Eltern- und Kinderfragebögen wurden eingesetzt, um Schlafstörungen und Verhaltensprobleme zu
erfassen.

Ergebnisse4531 Fragebögen wurden vollständig ausgefüllt. Von den Eltern berichtete Einschlafstörungen waren häufig bei 6% der Kinder.
Durchschlafstörungen bei 3%, Tagesmüdigkeit bei 1%. Nach Kinderangaben waren Einschlafstörungen häufig bei 10%, Durchschlafstörungen
bei 6% und Tagesmüdigkeit bei 3%. Kinder mit Ein- und Durchschlafstörungen und Tagesmüdigkeit hatten ein erhöhtes Risiko für
emotionale Probleme, Hyperaktivität, Verhaltensprobleme, Probleme mit Gleichaltrigen und fehlendes prosoziales Verhalten im
Vergleich mit Kindern ohne Schlafstörungen und Tagesmüdigkeit.

SchlussfolgerungSchlafstörungen sind häufig bei 8–11 Jahre alten Kindern. Um die Prävalenz der Schlafstörungen bei Schulkindern zu erfassen,
sind sowohl Eltern- als auch Kinderbefragungen notwendig. Einschlafstörungen, Durchschlafstörungen und Tagesmüdigkeit bei
Kindern gehen einher mit einem erhöhten Risiko für Verhaltensprobleme.

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