Electron field emission from magnetic nanomaterial encapsulated multi-walled carbon nanotubes
ABSTRACT The present work describes the field emission characteristics of nanoscale magnetic nanomaterial encapsulated multi-walled
carbon nanotubes (MWNTs) fabricated over flexible graphitized carbon cloth. Ni/MWNTs, NiFe/MWNTs and NiFeCo/MWNTs have been
synthesized by catalytic chemical vapor decomposition of methane over Mischmetal (Mm)-based AB3 (MmNi3, MmFe1.5Ni1.5 and MmFeCoNi) alloy hydride catalysts. Metal-encapsulated MWNTs exhibited superior field emission performance than pure MWNT-based
field emitters over the same substrate. The results indicate that a Ni-filled MWNT field emitter is a promising material for
practical field emission application with a lowest turn-on field of 0.6V/μm and a high emission current density of 0.3mA/cm2 at 0.9V/μm.