Article

Cultural Orientation and Attitudes Toward Different Forms of Whistleblowing: A Comparison of South Korea, Turkey, and the U.K.

Journal of Business Ethics (Impact Factor: 0.96). 10/2008; 82(4):929-939. DOI: 10.1007/s10551-007-9603-1
Source: RePEc

ABSTRACT This article reports the findings of a cross-cultural study that explored the relationship between nationality, cultural orientation,
and attitudes toward different ways in which an employee might blow the whistle. The study investigated two questions – are
there any significant differences in the attitudes of university students from South Korea, Turkey and the U.K. toward various
ways by which an employee blows the whistle in an organization?, and what effect, if any, does cultural orientation have on
these attitudes? In order to answer these questions, the study identified six dimensions of whistleblowing and four types
of cultural orientation. The survey was conducted among 759 university students, who voluntarily participated; 284 South Korean,
230 Turkish, and 245 U.K. Although all three samples showed a preference for formal, anonymous and internal modes of whistleblowing,
there were significant variations related to nationality and cultural orientation. The findings have some key implications
for organizational practice and offer directions for future research.

0 Bookmarks
 · 
167 Views
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Whistle blowing programs have been central to numerous government, legislative, and regulatory reform efforts in recent years. To protect investors, corporate boards have instituted numerous measures to promote whistle blowing. Despite significant whistle blowing incentives, few individuals blow the whistle when presented with the opportunity. Instead, individuals often remain fallaciously silent and, in essence, become passive fraudsters themselves. Using the fraud triangle and models of moral behavior, we model and analyze fallacious silence and identify factors that may motivate an individual to rationalize fallacious silence. We use a survey of graduate accounting students to test hypothesized factors that contribute to fallacious silence rationalizations in an academic setting. We find evidence that the ability to rationalize fallacious silence is related to community influences and personal traits such as awareness and moral competence.
    Journal of Business Ethics · 0.96 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: There is an increasing recognition of the need to provide ways for people to raise concerns about suspected wrongdoing by promoting internal policies and procedures which offer proper safeguards to actual and potential whistleblowers. Many organisations in both the public and private sectors now have such measures and these display a wide variety of operating modalities: in-house or outsourced, anonymous/confidential/identified, multi or single tiered, specified or open subject matter, etc. As a result of this development, a number of guidelines and policy documents have been produced by authoritative bodies. This article reviews the following five documents from a management perspective, the first two deal with the principles upon which legislation might be based and the others describing good management practice: the Council of Europe Resolution 1729 (COER); Transparency International ‘Recommended Principles for Whistleblowing Legislation’ (TI); European Union Article 29 Data Protection Working Party Opinion (EUWP); International Chamber of Commerce ‘Guidelines on Whistleblowing’ (ICC); and the British Standards Institute ‘Whistleblowing arrangements Code of Practice 2008 (BSI). KeywordsWhistleblowing–Compliance–Guidelines–Speak-up procedures
    Journal of Business Ethics 01/2012; · 0.96 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Incidences of organizational wrongdoing have become wide spread throughout the whole business world. The management of organizational wrongdoings is of growing concern in organizations globally, since these types of acts can be detrimental to financial well being. Wrongdoing occurs within organizational settings and organizational members commonly have knowledge of and thus the opportunity to report the wrongdoing. An employee’s decision to report individual or organizational misconduct, i.e. blow the whistle, is a complex phenomenon that is based upon organizational, situational and personal factors. The purpose of this study is to examine the relationship between value orientations of individuals and choices for particular whistleblowing modes. Our results show that there are significant relationships between these variables. We contribute to the extant literature by choosing Turkey as context as most studies have been conducted in the US and Europe, and little has been reported about the actions taken by employees in non-Western cultures when they observe wrongdoing in their organizations.
    Journal of Business Ethics 01/2012; 107(2). · 0.96 Impact Factor

Full-text (2 Sources)

View
79 Downloads
Available from
Jun 5, 2014