Cultural Orientation and Attitudes Toward Different Forms of Whistleblowing: A Comparison of South Korea, Turkey, and the U.K.

Journal of Business Ethics (Impact Factor: 0.96). 10/2008; 82(4):929-939. DOI: 10.1007/s10551-007-9603-1
Source: RePEc

ABSTRACT This article reports the findings of a cross-cultural study that explored the relationship between nationality, cultural orientation,
and attitudes toward different ways in which an employee might blow the whistle. The study investigated two questions – are
there any significant differences in the attitudes of university students from South Korea, Turkey and the U.K. toward various
ways by which an employee blows the whistle in an organization?, and what effect, if any, does cultural orientation have on
these attitudes? In order to answer these questions, the study identified six dimensions of whistleblowing and four types
of cultural orientation. The survey was conducted among 759 university students, who voluntarily participated; 284 South Korean,
230 Turkish, and 245 U.K. Although all three samples showed a preference for formal, anonymous and internal modes of whistleblowing,
there were significant variations related to nationality and cultural orientation. The findings have some key implications
for organizational practice and offer directions for future research.

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    ABSTRACT: Whistle-blowing indicates disclosing organizational wrongdoings resulting in harm to third parties. An individual’s decision to blow the whistle might be based upon organizational, situational or personal factors. This study inquires the relationship between value orientations of teachers and choices for whistle-blowing with particular modes. Descriptive statistics, Correlation matrix, and regression analysis were used for analyzing the data. The sample includes 291 teachers in Turkey. Results revealed that, teachers prefer both external and anonymous reporting slightly. Besides, collectivism positively affects teachers’ choices for whistle-blowing modes, while individualism affects positively only anonymous reporting. The results showed that there is no relationship between the values and intentions of the teachers to blow the whistle externally, and anonymously. While there have been many studies examining whistle blowing with different factors in especially marketing, there has not been any intention for examining it in education. Thus, this paper aimed to contribute to the extant literature by choosing Turkey and education as context as most studies have been conducted in the Western cultures, and in accounting or marketing service.
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of this study is to examine the cultural attitude variations among aspiring managers of private university and state technical university on the basis of personal factors (age and gender)and family factors (occupation of father and family income)with a sample size of 138 MBA final year students with 69 respondents from each university. For this purpose the analysis part has been divided in to two categories. First part determines the variations in cultural attitude among aspiring managers across personal factors as well as family factors with the help of t-test and ANOVA. The second part elucidates the relationship between age, gender, occupation of father, family income and cultural attitude with the help of correlation analysis. The first finding of this study suggests that aspiring managers of state technical University differ significantly on the basis of age only in case of 'Individualism v/s Collectivism' ,on the basis of gender only in case of 'Masculinity v/s Femininity' and on the basis of age and gender in case of overall cultural attitude. But the aspiring managers of private university do not differ significantly in any case. Secondly the study represents both negative and positive correlation among personal factors, family factors and cultural attitude of aspiring managers which signifies that the aspiring managers studying in a private university in NCR have exhibited cultural insensitivity in contrast to their counterparts studying in State Technical University in other region.
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    ABSTRACT: This study inquires whistle blowing intentions of alternatively certified prospective teachers, investigating their moral reasoning to blow the whistle. Specifically three hypotheses were tested: Overall ethical awareness of the alternatively certified prospective teachers is high; the participants will identify reasons related to philosophical values such as justice, deontology, utilitarianism, relativism and egoism as reasons for reporting wrongdoings; and they are more likely to whistle blow internally or externally when guaranteed their jobs. The sample is 180 prospective teachers who were voluntarily participated in Turkey. The author developed the instrument reviewing the literature. Results revealed that, overall ethical awareness of the participants is high. Philosophical values affect the participant’s ethical evaluation; especially justice and relativism have the strongest effect on their ethical reasoning. Lastly, the prospective teachers would prefer whistle-blowing more when they would have job guarantee than they would work as contracted. While there have been many studies examining whistle blowing with different factors such as cultural differences, organizational climate, ethical decision making in especially marketing, there has not been any intention for examining it in education. Thus, this paper aimed to contribute whistle blowing studies exploring whistle blowing intentions, and moral reasoning of prospective teachers.
    Educational Research and Reviews 01/2013; 8(8):506-518.

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