Microsatellite DNA somaclonal variation in micropropagated trembling aspen (Populus tremuloides)
ABSTRACT Microsatellite DNA markers of ten simple sequence repeat (SSR) loci were used to examine somaclonal variation in randomly selected micropropagated plantlets derived from three different Populus tremuloides donor trees (genotypes). The plantlets were obtained from tissue cultures of dormant vegetative buds, and those derived from the same donor tree, grown in the greenhouse, did not exhibit any sign of visible morphological variation. No microsatellite DNA variation was observed among 13 somaclones of one tree and 4 somaclones of another tree at eight of the ten SSR loci. However, despite the small number of micropropagated progeny per tree sampled, microsatellite DNA variation was detected among the plantlets derived from the same donor trees at two SSR loci. The primer pair for the SSR locus PTR5 revealed somaclonal variation in 1 out of the 13 plantlets obtained from one genotype, while the primer pair for the PTR2 SSR locus revealed somaclonal variation in one out of the four plantlets obtained from another genotype. The variation at the PTR2 locus resulted in the appearance of a new allele of increased size, possibly due to an addition of the repeat units, while the variation at the PTR5 locus resulted in the appearance of third allele, presumably due to the presence of a single extra chromosome or duplication of a chromosomal segment. These results demonstrate that the genetic fidelity of micropropagated plants of P. tremuloides cannot always be assured and somaclonal variation can occur even when tissues of well organized vegetative buds are used for tissue cultures; that somaclonal variation cannot always be detected at the gross morphological level; and that microsatellite DNA markers provide useful and sensitive markers for determining the clonal fidelity and somaclonal variation in P. tremuloides.
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ABSTRACT: ABSTRACT The investigation was carried out to assess the genetic stability in tissue culture raised plants of banana cv. G-9 using random amplified polymorphic DNA (RAPD) and inter simple sequence repeats (ISSR) markers. Aims: Molecular assessment of genetic stability of tissue culture raised plants of banana cv. G-9 using molecular markers. Material and Results: Apical shoots were established on medium EM4 (MS + BAP 4.0 mg L-1) with maximum of 3.8 buds/explants in 2.6 days. The maximum bud multiplication with 16.5±0.06 shoots was observed on medium Ma3 (MS medium+ 5.0 mg L-1 BAP + 0.25 mg L-1 NAA of + 30 mg L-1 AdSO4). The maximum rooting response (100%) was observed on 1/2 MS medium supplemented with 2.0 mg L-1 NAA in 12.2 days. After acclimatization the hardened plants were examined for genetic stability using RAPD and ISSR primers. Total forty six (twenty six RAPD and twenty ISSR) markers were used. RAPD primers produced 87 distinct and scorable bands, with an average of 3.34 bands per primer and the amplification products range was from 100-1200 bps. The number of scorable bands for RAPD primer varied from 2 to 5 with an average of 3.34 bands per primer. ISSR primers produced 71 distinct and scorable bands in the range of 100-1000 bps and the number of scorable bands for each primer varied from 2 to 6 with an average of 3.55 bands per primer. Conclusion: Similar profile with monomorphic bands was observed for all the tissue culture raised plants when compared to mother plant in both types of markers used. These results corroborate the fact that plant tissue culture technology has immense importance for production of true to type of planting material.Journal of Advances in Biotechnology. 12/2014; 4(3:):392-403.
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ABSTRACT: Inter-simple sequence repeat (ISSR) markers were used to evaluate the genetic fidelity of in vitro propagated and hardened plants of Stevia rebaudiana Bert. Nodal segments containing axillary buds were used as explant and inoculated on Murashige and Skoog’s (MS) medium containing 3% (w/v) sucrose, 0.8% (w/v) agar supplemented with various concentrations of benzyladenine (BA), kinetin (Kn) and thidiazuron (TDZ) ranging from 0.20 to 2.00 mg·L-1. Maximum multiple shoots (93%) were obtained in MS medium supplemented with 0.20 mg L-1 TDZ. The best in vitro root induction (87%) was achieved on half strength MS medium without any growth regulator. The rooted plantlets were successfully established in soil and grown to maturity at the survival rate of 96% in the indoor grow room. For ISSR analysis, total genomic DNA was extracted from 20 mg fresh leaves of mother and randomly selected in vitro propagated plants. Out of fifteen arbitrary primers tested, each produced clear and scorable amplification products ranged in size from about 216 bp in UBC 811 to 1917 bp in (GGGGT)3M with an average of 4.5 products per primer. A total of 45 bands (number of plantlets analyzed multiplied by number of bands with all primers) were generated by the ISSR method. All the ISSR profiles from micropropagated plants were monomorphic and comparable to mother plants, confirming the genetic stability among micropropagated plants and mother plant. Chemical analysis, using high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC), was done to further confirm the existence of qualitative and quantitative differences in the major secondary metabolites (rebaudioside A, stevioside and steviolbioside) between the mother plant and in vitro propagated plants. Our results clearly show similar chemical profiles and insignificant differences in the major secondary metabolites between the two types of plants. These results suggest that the micropropagation protocol followed in this study is appropriate and applicable for clonal mass propagation of true-to-type elite Stevia rebaudiana plants.American Journal of Plant Sciences 01/2013;
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ABSTRACT: Sixteen microsatellite markers (simple sequence repeat (SSR) markers) were employed to examine the genetic stability of 27 randomly chosen date palm (Phoenix dactylifera L.) plants produced through somatic embryogenesis with upto forty two in vitro subcultures. No microsatellite DNA variation was observed among all micropropagated plants. Our results indicate that the micropropagation protocol used for rapid in vitro multiplication is appropriate and suitable for clonal propagation of date palm and corroborated that somatic embryogenesis can also be used as one of the safe modes for production of true-to-type plants of date palm. This is the first report on the use of microsatellite DNA markers to establish the genetic stability in micropropagated date palm plants.Journal of Forest and Environmental Science. 01/2010; 26(1).