Highly selective thiocyanate poly(vinyl chloride) membrane electrode based on a cadmium–Schiff’s base complex
ABSTRACT A PVC membrane electrode based on a cadmium–salen (N,N′-bis-salicylidene-1,2ethylenediamine) complex as an anion carrier is described. The electrode has an anti-Hofmeister selectivity
sequence with a preference for thiocyanate at pH 1.5–11.0. It has a linear response to thiocyanate from 1.0 × 10–6 to 1.0 × 10–1 mol L–1 with a slope of 59.1 ± 0.2 mV per decade, and a detection limit of 7 × 10–7 mol L–1. This electrode has high selectivity for thiocyanate relative to many common organic and inorganic anions. The proposed sensor
has a fast response time of approximately 15 s. It was applied to the determination of thiocyanate in a milk sample.