Extracts from Ralstonia solanacearum induce effective resistance to the pathogen in both Arabidopsis and solanaceous plants
ABSTRACT Plants defend themselves against microbial invasions by detecting conserved molecules, collectively called pathogen-associated
molecular patterns (PAMPs). PAMPs-triggered basal resistance is the first inducible layer of plant defense. Here we found
that Ralstonia solanacearum strain RS1002 can efficiently grow and cause disease in ecotype Columbia-0 of the model plant Arabidopsis thaliana in a manner dependent on the Hrp type III secretion system (T3SS). The extent of disease symptoms caused by R. solanacearum was reduced in plants pretreated with ΔhrpY mutant deficient in the functional Hrp T3SS. Pretreatment with a boiled extract (BE) from R. solanacearum had a similar inhibitory effect on disease development or bacterial multiplication in both Arabidopsis and several solanaceous plants. Simultaneous inoculations with BE and R. solanacearum did not induce BE-mediated resistance, nor did a BE treatment with proteinases. These results indicate that host plants recognize
an unknown proteinaceous PAMP in the BE to induce disease resistance and that the Hrp T3SS of R. solanacearum can suppress it. From an analysis using Arabidopsis mutants lacking PAMP receptors, the elongation factor Tu of R. solanacearum was shown to partially contribute to BE-mediated basal resistance in Arabidopsis plants.
KeywordsBacterial extract–Basal resistance–