Predicting disposition following brief residence at a shelter for battered women
ABSTRACT Despite the recent proliferation of community shelters designed specifically to serve battered women, remarkably few evaluation studies have been conducted to determine the subsequent disposition of women following brief residence at these agencies. In particular, whether or not a woman returns to live with her assailant has far-reaching implications for the type of counseling services she requires as a shelter resident. From data available at admission, the current study employs discriminant function analysis for maximizing prediction of a battered woman's living arrangements 6 weeks following discharge. Results of the analysis improve the prediction of living arrangements from a 52°7o rate of accuracy using base rates alone to an 80% rate of accuracy using discriminant function coefficients. Implications for the development of more effective service delivery and for future research are discussed. It has been only recently that domestic violence and wife-abuse in particular have been recognized as a social problem of epidemic proportions. In the United States in any one year, approximately 1.8 million wives are beaten by their husbands. Nearly 30°70 of all couples report experiencing a violent incident at least once in the course of their marriage; estimates of actual incidence of physical abuse in marriages run closer to 50 to 60°70 (Straus, 1977-78). By 1978, some 100 shelters had been established as a refuge for battered women, and their number has grown steadily since (McShane, 1979).
Article: Formerly Battered Women[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Over the past three decades, extensive research has examined why battered women stay with their abusers. However, very few studies have focused on the subjective experiences of formerly battered women in the process of deciding to divorce their abusive husbands and in their attempt to carry out their decision. Semi-structured, open-ended, in-depth interviews were conducted with 15 formerly battered divorced women, focusing primarily on the women's interpretations of the two above-mentioned aspects of the divorce process. The results indicate that the women contextualize the experiences related to their decision to divorce and to their efforts to carry out that decision in terms of relevant ecological factors. Specifically, the women emphasized intrapersonal, interpersonal, structural-organizational, and sociocultural factors related to the divorce process. The limitations of the study and implications of the results are also discussed.Journal of Divorce & Remarriage 01/2001; 36:37-65.
- Behavior and Social Issues. 01/2005; 14:21-45.
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ABSTRACT: This article critically examines four theoretical approaches identified by Strube (1988) as relevant to abused women's stay/leave decision-making processes. It is argued that these four approaches have overlapping components that may be combined into a single framework for understanding abused women's stay/leave decisions. The essential aspects of abused women's stay/leave decisions appear to revolve around two central questions: “Will I be better off?” and “Can I do it?” This model proposes that abused women's stay/leave decisions occur in a stepwise fashion. A woman may wish to leave her relationship but be inhibited from doing so because she does not feel she has control over her circumstances. Conversely, a woman may have the necessary resources for leaving but may wish to remain in the relationship. Empirical work in the fields of marital and dating violence is reviewed and provides preliminary support for the components of this two-step model of abused women's stay/leave decisions.Journal of Family Issues 01/1997; 18(3):290-314. · 1.03 Impact Factor