Article

Predicting disposition following brief residence at a shelter for battered women

Wayne State University
American Journal of Community Psychology (Impact Factor: 1.74). 01/1981; 9(5):559-566. DOI: 10.1007/BF00896476

ABSTRACT Despite the recent proliferation of community shelters designed specifically to serve battered women, remarkably few evaluation studies have been conducted to determine the subsequent disposition of women following brief residence at these agencies. In particular, whether or not a woman returns to live with her assailant has far-reaching implications for the type of counseling services she requires as a shelter resident. From data available at admission, the current study employs discriminant function analysis for maximizing prediction of a battered woman's living arrangements 6 weeks following discharge. Results of the analysis improve the prediction of living arrangements from a 52°7o rate of accuracy using base rates alone to an 80% rate of accuracy using discriminant function coefficients. Implications for the development of more effective service delivery and for future research are discussed. It has been only recently that domestic violence and wife-abuse in particular have been recognized as a social problem of epidemic proportions. In the United States in any one year, approximately 1.8 million wives are beaten by their husbands. Nearly 30°70 of all couples report experiencing a violent incident at least once in the course of their marriage; estimates of actual incidence of physical abuse in marriages run closer to 50 to 60°70 (Straus, 1977-78). By 1978, some 100 shelters had been established as a refuge for battered women, and their number has grown steadily since (McShane, 1979).

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    • "Piliavin, Rodin, and Piliavin (1969) found that bystanders are less likely to intervene directly if the intervention appears to have an unwanted physical or psychological consequence, such as exposing oneself to danger or verbal harassment. In addition, given that more than half of the women served by women's shelters eventually return to their abusive partners (Aguirre 1985; Giles-Sims 1983; Snyder and Scheer 1981; Stone 1984), bystander feelings of efficacy (or especially lack of efficacy) might constitute another factor affecting the likelihood that one bystander will intervene. Specifically, if one bystander chooses to intervene and observes that his/her efforts are in vain, it is likely that this person will abstain from intervening in the future. "
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    • "Piliavin, Rodin, and Piliavin (1969) found that bystanders are less likely to intervene directly if the intervention appears to have an unwanted physical or psychological consequence, such as exposing oneself to danger or verbal harassment. In addition, given that more than half of the women served by women's shelters eventually return to their abusive partners (Aguirre 1985; Giles-Sims 1983; Snyder and Scheer 1981; Stone 1984), bystander feelings of efficacy (or especially lack of efficacy) might constitute another factor affecting the likelihood that one bystander will intervene. Specifically, if one bystander chooses to intervene and observes that his/her efforts are in vain, it is likely that this person will abstain from intervening in the future. "
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    ABSTRACT: Up to one-third of intimate partner violence incidents involve witnesses. Bystanders play a significant role when it comes to reporting the incidents to authorities, but are often hesitant to get involved in domestic disputes. In this review paper, 12 advertising campaigns that encourage bystander intervention against intimate partner violence are evaluated in relation to Latané and Darley's (1970) model of the bystander decision-making process. The evaluation shows that these campaigns are sometimes contradictory or ambiguous, which may limit their effectiveness. Recommendations are provided.
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    • "One of the earliest responses to family violence was the development and growth of shelters for battered women and their children (Johnson and Kanzler 1993). Soon after their establishment, shelter staff noticed that a large percentage of abused women returned to their abusive partners (Hamberger and Hastings 1993; Jennings 1987; Snyder and Scheer 1981). Even where victims successfully separated, these men typically continued their abusive patterns with a different partner (Farley and Magill 1988; Gondolf 1987). "
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