The Structure of Self-Consciousness in Children and Young Adolescents and Relations to Social Anxiety

Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment (Impact Factor: 1.55). 01/2008; 30(4):261-271. DOI: 10.1007/s10862-008-9079-z

ABSTRACT Decades of research have examined the structure of self-consciousness in adults and its relationship to social anxiety. This
study examined the structure of self-consciousness via the Self-Consciousness Scales (Fenigstein et al., J. Consult. Clin.
Psychol. 43:522–527, 1975) in a school sample of 175 children and young adolescents (92 girls; mean age = 11.5). Confirmatory
factor analysis best supported a five-factor solution (Internal State Awareness, Self-Reflectiveness, Appearance Consciousness,
Style Consciousness and Social Anxiety). Although some factor based subscales evidenced low internal consistencies, convergent
and discriminant correlations with self-report measures of social phobia, negative affect, and positive affect as well as
parent-report measures of internalizing and externalizing problems provided additional support for the five-factor model.
Future studies should further examine the multidimensional nature as well as the developmental course of self-consciousness
and its relation to social anxiety longitudinally.

  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Despite the established relationship between self-consciousness (SC) and anxiety and depression in adults, there is a paucity of research examining SC in children and adolescents. We therefore sought to examine the factor structure, reliability, and validity of scores for a revised version of the Self-Consciousness Scales for Children, a measure of SC in youth. The Revised Self-Consciousness Scale for Children (R-SCS-C) was examined in 2 studies using a community sample of children and adolescents. In the 1st study, 1,207 youth (685 girls) ages 7 to 18 completed the R-SCS-C as well as measures of imaginary audience, anxiety, depression, and positive and negative affect. Results of an exploratory factor analysis of the R-SCS-C conducted on a randomly selected subsample (n = 603) supported a 3-factor solution, including the subscales of Public Self-Consciousness, Private Self-Consciousness, and Social Anxiety. A subsequent confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) conducted on the remaining half of the sample (n = 604) revealed that this model fit the data well. Additionally, subsequent multigroup CFAs by gender and age demonstrated good model fit across both gender and younger (ages 7 to 12 years) and older (ages 13 to 18 years) cohorts. In the 2nd study, 245 youth completed the R-SCS-C twice, approximately 2 weeks apart. The R-SCS-C scores in these samples demonstrated acceptable internal consistency, convergent and divergent validity, and test-retest reliability. Implications of these findings and directions for future research are discussed. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2014 APA, all rights reserved).
    Psychological assessment. 07/2014;
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: It is shown that the spectral difference between a short vowel and its long counterpart in the Arabic language can be neglected for isolated vowels. The analysis technique used is time-varying linear predictive coding. To obtain the set of parameters corresponding to an analysis duration T , the reconstruction of the same segment with different durations is performed automatically. The excitation of the LPC synthesis filter is provided by a modified multipulse algorithm. The intelligibility of the synthetic long vowels is satisfactory
    Acoustics, Speech, and Signal Processing, 1988. ICASSP-88., 1988 International Conference on; 05/1988

Full-text (2 Sources)

Available from
May 22, 2014