Variations in biochemical parameters of Heterocapsa sp. and Olisthodiscus luteus grown in 12:12 light:dark cycles II. Changes in pigment composition

Institut Ciències del Mar
Hydrobiologia (Impact Factor: 2.21). 07/1992; 238(1):149-157. DOI: 10.1007/BF00048783

ABSTRACT Photosynthetic pigment composition was studied in batch cultures of Heterocapsa sp. and Olisthodiscus luteus growing exponentially in a 12:12 light:dark cycle. Both species divided in the dark. The synthesis of pigments was continuous for both species. However for chlorophyll c and peridinin, in Heterocapsa sp., and chlorophyll c and fucoxanthin, in O. luteus, (pigments belonging to light harvesting complexes) the synthesis was significantly higher during the light period. Concentrations per total cell volume (TCV) of chlorophyll a, chlorophyll c, peridinin and diadinoxanthin in Heterocapsa sp., and chlorophyll a, chlorophyll c, fucoxanthin and violaxanthin in O. luteus, showed a maximum at the onset of light and decreased during the light period. The values of the chlorophyll a:chlorophyll c, chlorophyll a:peridinin and chlorophyll a:fucoxanthin ratios are compared with data reported in the literature.

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    ABSTRACT: The marine planktonic diatom Skeletonema costatum (Cleve) was grown in batch culture under a 12 h light: 12 h dark (LD) regime for several generations before the experiment. At Time 0, half of the culture was transferred to continuous light (CL). Particulate organic carbon (POC), nitrogen (PON), and photosynthetic pigments (measured by spectrophotometry and high performance liquid chromatography) were monitored for 7 to 9 days in the two cultures. Under CL, POC and PON production were always lower. In addition, we measured a much higher proportion of chlorophyll degradation products (as chlorophyllid a, phaeophytin a and phaeophorbid a (PrD)). These indicate different physiological conditions between the two cultures, as reflected also be the lower POC/PON and chlorophyll a/POC ratios. Under CL illumination cells appear stressed, probably due to the total quantity of light to which cells are exposed. In fact, a higher proportion of the two xanthophylls diadinoxanthin and diatoxanthin in the CL culture indicates a photoprotective reaction of the cells. In contrast with the LD culture, parameters measured were not significantly inter-correlated in the CL culture. The lack of correlation between chlorophyll a and POC in CL does not encourage the use of the chlorophyll a/POC ratio as a biomass estimator. On the opposite, the ratio of total pigment content to POC did not vary much as a function of the light condition of the culture, remaining near 0.040 in both light regimes. Although further observations are needed, this index seems to be a reliable indicator of phytoplankton carbon biomass.
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    Marine Ecology Progress Series 01/1998; 167:105-117. · 2.64 Impact Factor
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