Most Patients with Colorectal Tumors at Young Age Do Not Visit a Cancer Genetics Clinic
This study examined the referral process for genetic counseling at a cancer genetics clinic in patients with colorectal cancer and to search for determinants of variation in this referral process.
Patients who were recently diagnosed with colorectal cancer at a young age or multiple cancers associated with Lynch syndrome, hereditary nonpolyposis colorectal cancer, (N = 119) were selected from PALGA, the nationwide network and registry of histopathology and cytopathology in the Netherlands. In a retrospective analysis, we examined whether these patients visited a cancer genetics clinic and identified determinants for referral to such a clinic. Factors of patients, professional practice, and hospital setting were explored with logistic regression modeling.
Thirty-six (30 percent) patients visited a cancer genetics clinic. Seventy percent of patients whom the surgeon referred to a cancer genetics clinic decided to visit such a clinic. Analysis of determinants showed that patients with whom the surgeon discussed referral and that were treated in a teaching hospital were more likely to visit a cancer genetics clinic.
The referral process is not optimally carried out. To deliver optimal care for patients suspected of hereditary colorectal cancer, this process must be improved with interventions focusing on patient referral by surgeons and raising awareness in nonteaching hospitals.
Journal of Clinical Oncology 09/2014; 32(29). DOI:10.1200/JCO.2014.56.2942 · 17.88 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Family history of cancer (CFH) is important for identifying individuals to receive genetic counseling/testing (GC/GT). Prior studies have demonstrated low rates of family history documentation and referral for GC/GT. CFH quality and GC/GT practices for patients with breast (BC) or colon cancer (CRC) were assessed in 271 practices participating in the American Society of Clinical Oncology Quality Oncology Practice Initiative in fall 2011. A total of 212 practices completed measures regarding CFH and GC/GT practices for 10,466 patients; 77.4% of all medical records reviewed documented presence or absence of CFH in first-degree relatives, and 61.5% of medical records documented presence or absence of CFH in second-degree relatives, with significantly higher documentation for patients with BC compared with CRC. Age at diagnosis was documented for all relatives with cancer in 30.7% of medical records (BC, 45.2%; CRC, 35.4%; P ≤ .001). Referall for GC/GT occurred in 22.1% of all patients with BC or CRC. Of patients with increased risk for hereditary cancer, 52.2% of patients with BC and 26.4% of those with CRC were referred for GC/GT. When genetic testing was performed, consent was documented 77.7% of the time, and discussion of results was documented 78.8% of the time. We identified low rates of complete CFH documentation and low rates of referral for those with BC or CRC meeting guidelines for referral among US oncologists. Documentation and referral were greater for patients with BC compared with CRC. Education and support regarding the importance of accurate CFH and the benefits of proactive high-risk patient management are clearly needed.Journal of Clinical Oncology 02/2014; 32(8). DOI:10.1200/JCO.2013.51.4661 · 17.88 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: To determine the diagnostic test characteristics and inter-observer variation of pathology features for identifying high microsatellite instability (MSI-H) colorectal cancer (CRC). Six pathologists blindly evaluated 177 CRC for the presence of MSI-H associated pathology features. Inter-observer agreement was determined by using Kappa-statistics. In the first random 88/177 cases, mucinous carcinoma, tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes (TIL) and Crohns-like infiltrate (CLI) were the best discriminators between MSI-H and microsatellite stable CRC [OR 5.6 (95 % CI 1.7-19), 5.4 (1.8-17) and 3.5 (1.1-11), respectively], with high specificity (89-91 %). The sensitivities for MSI-H, however, were low (31-41 %). In addition, inter-observer agreement was moderate for TIL and CLI (κ 0.38 and 0.48, respectively), but very good for mucinous carcinoma (κ 0.86). Interpretation of overall histopathology as suggestive for MSI-H performed better than any individual feature; OR 15 (5.2-44), and area under the curve 0.79. However, inter-observer agreement was moderate (κ 0.53). In the second set, TIL and CLI were scored according to updated scoring systems. Although both remained the best individual discriminators, test characteristics and inter-observer agreement did not improve. MSI-H pathology features have moderate accuracy for identifying MSI-H CRC, and are identified with moderate inter-observer agreement. These findings highlight the limitations of clinical strategies, such as the revised Bethesda guidelines, which incorporate the MSI-H associated pathology features in their strategy to identify persons with lynch syndrome.Familial Cancer 03/2014; DOI:10.1007/s10689-014-9705-8 · 1.62 Impact Factor