Chapter

Strings in the Yang-Mills Theory: How They Form, Live and Decay

DOI: 10.1007/3-540-26798-0_39
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    ABSTRACT: Building on our previous results, we study D-brane/string prototypes in weakly coupled (3+1)-dimensional supersymmetric field theory engineered to support (2+1)-dimensional domain walls, "non-Abelian" strings and various junctions. Our main but not exclusive task is the study of localization of non-Abelian gauge fields on the walls. The model we work with is N=2 QCD, with the gauge group SU(2)x$U(1) and N_f=4 flavors of fundamental hypermultiplets (referred to as quarks), perturbed by the Fayet-Iliopoulos term of the U(1) factor. In the limit of large but almost equal quark mass terms a set of vacua exists in which this theory is at weak coupling. We focus on these vacua (called the quark vacua). We study elementary BPS domain walls interpolating between selected quark vacua, as well as their bound state, a composite wall. The composite wall is demonstrated to localize a non-Abelian gauge field on its world sheet. Next, we turn to the analysis of recently proposed "non-Abelian" strings (flux tubes) which carry orientational moduli corresponding to rotations of the "color-magnetic" flux direction inside a global O(3). We find a 1/4-BPS solution for the string ending on the composite domain wall. The end point of this string is shown to play the role of a non-Abelian (dual) charge in the effective world volume theory of non-Abelian (2+1)-dimensional vector fields confined to the wall. Comment: 57 pages, 10 eps figures; Section 4.2.2 expanded; Section 6.4 added; typos corrected; 2 figures replaced by improved versions; Editorial corrections -- Final version to appear in Phys. Rev. D
    Physical Review D 12/2003; · 4.69 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Calculation by Douglas and Shenker of the tension ratios for vortices of different N-alities in the softly broken N=2 supersymmetric SU(N) Yang-Mills theory, is carried to the second order in the adjoint multiplet mass m. Corrections to the ratios violating the well-known sine formula are found, showing that it is not a universal quantity.
    New Journal of Physics 06/2002; · 4.06 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Supersymmetric gauge theories have had a significant impact on our understanding of QCD and of field theory in general. The phases of N=1 supersymmetric QCD (SQCD) are discussed, and the possibility of similar phases in non-supersymmetric QCD is emphasized. It is described how duality in SQCD links many previously known duality transformations that were thought to be distinct, including Olive-Montonen duality of N=4 supersymmetric gauge theory and quark-hadron duality in (S)QCD. A connection between Olive-Montonen duality and the confining strings of Yang-Mills theory is explained, in which a picture of confinement via non-abelian monopole condensation -- a generalized dual Meissner effect -- emerges explicitly. Similarities between supersymmetric and ordinary QCD are discussed, as is a non-supersymmetric QCD-like ``orbifold'' of N=1 Yang-Mills theory. I briefly discuss the recent discovery that gauge theories and string theories are more deeply connected than ever previously realized. Specific questions for lattice gauge theorists to consider are raised in the context of the first two topics. (Published in ``At the Frontier of Particle Physics: Handbook of QCD'', M. Shifman, editor)
    10/2003;