Stabilization of tetragonal phase in polycrystalline zirconia
ABSTRACT It is shown that the tetragonal phase can be stabilized in the sintered body of a partially stabilized zirconia (PSZ) containing low concentrations of yttria. Such sintered body containing the metastable phase undergoes stress-induced phase transformation by the absorption of thermal or mechanical stress and exhibits strengths in excess of 690 MPa (100ksi).
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ABSTRACT: In this paper the problem of transformation toughening in anisotropic solids is addressed in the framework of Stroh formalism. The fundamental solutions for a transformed strain nucleus located in an infinite anisotropic elastic plane are derived first. Furthermore, the solution for the interaction of a crack tip with a residual strain nucleus is obtained. On the basis of these expressions, fundamental formulations are presented for the toughening arising from transformations using the Green's function method. Finally, a representative example is studied to demonstrate the relevance of the fundamental formulation.Journal of Applied Mechanics 09/2013; 80(5):051001. DOI:10.1115/1.4023476 · 1.40 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Zr-L2,3 XANESs of tetravalent zirconium oxides with different coordination numbers and local symmetries are systematically investigated by ab initio multiplet calculations using fully relativistic molecular spinors for model clusters. Experimental Zr-L2,3 XANESs are obtained for SrZrO3, m-ZrO2 (monoclinic) and t-ZrO2 (tetragonal). The theoretical spectra are in good agreement with the experimental data. The multiplet effects are found to play essential roles in determining the peak shape. The shapes of L3- and L2-edges are systematically different. The intensity ratios of the doublet peaks at both L3- and L2-edges are found to be sensitive to the coordination number of Zr. The ratio can therefore be used to estimate the coordination number of Zr in such oxides.Journal of Physics Condensed Matter 04/2013; 25(16):165505. DOI:10.1088/0953-8984/25/16/165505 · 2.22 Impact Factor