Distribution, structure and importance of the cephalic dorsal hump, a new sensory organ in calanoid copepods
ABSTRACT The occurrence, external morphology and internal ultrastructure of a cephalic integumental organ in calanoid copepods were studied, using the specimens from the Pacific, Indian and Atlantic Oceans. This organ is located on the dorsoanterior surface of the cephalosome, and a name, cephalic dorsal hump (CDH) is proposed. Externally, it usually has two pores, anterior and apical, a dorsal plate, and a thin cuticle along the sides. CDH is found only in the male of Calanidae, Megacalanidae, Mecynoceridae and Paracalanidae, and showed some variation between species or species groups both in size and shape. Transmission electron microscopy (TEM) on the specimens from Sagami Bay, Central Japan, revealed that the CDH of Paracalanus parvus and Calanus sinicus consists of two dermal glands and a receptor, which is assumed to be chemosensory. A comparison of the distributions of CDH and prehensile fifth legs of male calanoid copepods suggests that it plays an important role in mate recognition.
Conference Paper: The case for using instrumented crutches during gait analysis[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: This work presents a method for obtaining motion and ground-reaction data from instrumented crutches. Preliminary results suggest the efficacy of including such data with the currently accepted joint motion and moment informationBioengineering Conference, 2002. Proceedings of the IEEE 28th Annual Northeast; 02/2002
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ABSTRACT: A unique type of integumental formation is described for several members of the copepod family Pontellidae. This surface attachment structure (SAS) consists of a mass of fine setules arranged in two semicircles on a flattened area of the anterodorsal surface of the cephalosome. Using transmission electron microscopy, the SAS was shown to be continous with the cuticle and not linked to chemo- or mechanosensory cells; its function is purely mechanical. This structure is probably an energy-saving means for these large and heavy neustonts to stay attached to the surface film. The SAS is species-specific and may thus be of potential importance to the systematics and phylogeny of the Pontellidae, in the same manner as integumental pores and sensilla, which form patterns characteristic of several copepod families and genera.Marine Biology 06/1992; 113(3):401-407. · 2.47 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: The mystacocarid crustacean Derocheilocaris typica has two microvillar organs, one new, the other previously unappreciated in crustacean literature. The first is situated on the head-shield and consists of three pairs of cells: one with microvilli and a ballooned nucleus; one smaller and without special features; the third large and investing the other two and extending down to the foregut. We call this new organ the "cephalic microvillar organ" and discuss the value of the concept "dorsal organ", to which it might have been included. The second organ consists of about 21 cells that cover the proximal part of the dorsal surface of the labrum. The cells are alike, being characterized by an apical field of microvilli and a large residual body. This organ is here called the "labral microvillar organ". Both organs are neither sensory nor secretory and do not qualify for membership in any of the other recognized organ systems. We are unable to deduce their Dero-cheilocaris functions.Arthropod structure & development 07/2008; 37(6):522-34. · 1.11 Impact Factor