Correlates of Self-reported Attachment (In)security in Children: The Role of Parental Romantic Attachment Status and Rearing Behaviors
ABSTRACT We investigated the influence of self-reported parental romantic attachment status and rearing behaviors on children’s self-reported
attachment (in)security towards father and mother in a sample of 237 non-clinical children aged 9–12. All children and their
parents completed a single-item measure of attachment style. The parents further completed an index of their authoritative,
authoritarian, and permissive rearing behaviors. Results showed that the attachment status of the father was significantly
related to the child’s attachment style to the father. Further, children who portray themselves as insecurely attached to
their fathers have fathers with lower average authoritative scores compared to children who are securely attached to their
fathers. In examining the relative contribution of attachment style and rearing behaviors of the parents, insecure attachment
status of the father was still significantly related to insecure attachment style of the child but the effect of authoritative
rearing behaviors of the father on attachment (in)security of children was not statistically significant anymore. Altogether,
these results support the notion that attachment status of the father was most substantially associated with self-reported
insecure attachment of children.
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ABSTRACT: The quality of parental care in the context of early relationships has been identified as critical to children’s development. In the present article we present the typology of parenting styles proposed by Baumrind and the impact of parenting styles on child development. In the second part of the paper we explore the concepts of attachment relationship, secure-base and parental sensitivity, as well as the research focusing on the impact of attachment on social development. Finally, we highlight the common points between these two domains of parenting, the studies about attachment and parenting styles and we raise some questions about future research.Análise Psicológica. 12/2013; 31(4):393.
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ABSTRACT: This work aims to highlight the relevance of Stephenson’s Q methodology (QM) for improving the assessment of child–father attachment relationships. We argue that reconceptualising the relationship can enhance the validity of assessment techniques and help in identifying the paternal behaviours that predict a secure child–father attachment pattern. To this end, we first review the inconclusive and sometimes contradictory findings about links among paternal behaviours, child–father security of attachment, and socio‐emotional well‐being. Second, the methodological challenges in assessing child–father interactions and relationships are outlined. Finally, with the help of empirical evidence, theoretical perspectives, and observational data gathered from child–father interactions, we substantiate the use of QM in conceptualising and assessing child–father attachment relationships.Early Child Development and Care 01/2010; 180:71-85.