Verandering van persoonlijkheidstypen en angst gedurende de adolescentie

Netherlands journal of psychology 10/2005; 60(5):164-176. DOI: 10.1007/BF03062354


In dit onderzoek bestudeerden we de veranderingen van de persoonlijkheidstypen van Block en Block in de adolescentie. Daarnaast
onderzochten we het verband ­tussen verandering in persoonlijkheidstypen en verandering in angst. De steekproef bestond uit
827 adolescenten die vragenlijsten over persoonlijkheid en angst op twee meetmomenten van het conamore-project invulden. We vonden dat 56,9 procent van de adolescenten hetzelfde persoonlijkheidstype behield, terwijl het persoonlijkheidstype
bij 43,1 procent veranderde. De verandering van ondercontrollers naar overcontrollers kwam na de niet-veranderende persoonlijkheidsgroepen
het meest voor. Tevens vonden we dat de stabiliteit van persoonlijkheid gerelateerd was aan de stabiliteit van het angstniveau
en dat de verandering in persoonlijkheid gerelateerd was aan verandering in angstniveau. De adolescenten die veranderden van
veerkrachtige naar overcontroller lieten een toename op angst zien, terwijl de adolescenten die veranderden van overcontroller
naar veerkrachtige een afname vertoonden.

Download full-text


Available from: Wim H J Meeus, Oct 10, 2015
52 Reads
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Three replicable personality types were identified in a sample of 300 adolescent boys and shown to generalize across African Americans and Caucasians. The types had conceptually coherent relations with the Big Five dimensions, ego resiliency, and ego control, and converged with 3 of the types identified by J. Block (1971). Behavioral implications of the types were explored using several independent data sources. Resilients were intelligent, successful in school, unlikely to be delinquents, and relatively free of psychopathology; Overcontrollers shared some of these characteristics but were also prone to internalizing problems; and Undercontrollers showed a general pattern of academic, behavioral, and emotional problems. This research demonstrates that replicable and generalizable personality types can be identified empirically, and that the unique constellation of traits defining an individual has important consequences for a wide range of outcomes. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2012 APA, all rights reserved)
    Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 12/1995; 70(1):157-171. DOI:10.1037/0022-3514.70.1.157 · 5.08 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The relation of childhood personality types, or configurations of personality traits, to adolescent development was examined. Three personality types were identified in an inverse factor analysis of California Child Q-Sort data on 128 Icelandic 7-year-olds: resilient, overcontrolled, and undercontrolled. Growth curve analyses demonstrated that in comparison to children of the other 2 types, children of the resilient personality type had higher levels of academic achievement and lower levels of concentration problems throughout adolescence; resilient children also developed sophisticated friendship reasoning and an internal locus of control more quickly. Children of the overcontrolled type were found to be more prone to social withdrawal and low levels of self-esteem during adolescence than children of the other 2 types. In contrast to the other 2 types, children classified as undercontrolled showed an increase in aggressive behavior in adolescence. Implications of the findings for research on personality development are discussed.
    Developmental Psychology 04/1997; 33(2):195-205. DOI:10.1037//0012-1649.33.2.195 · 3.21 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: We tested the hypothesis that there are three major prototypic patterns of personality description (resilient, overcontrolled, and undercontrolled) in a series of studies including adults' self-descriptions on the Big Five and parents' Big Five and Q-Sort judgments of their children, using both replicated cluster analyses and replicated Q-factor analyses. The consistency of the prototypes across ages, judges, and methods was quantitatively measured. The results confirmed the hypothesis in all studies. Personality, social relationship, and social interaction correlates of the prototypes indicated externalizing tendencies for undercontrollers and internalizing tendencies for overcontrollers for both children and adults. The studies provide strong evidence for a three-prototype model of personality description at the highest level of analysis for both childhood and adulthood. Copyright © 2001 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
    European Journal of Personality 05/2001; 15(3). DOI:10.1002/per.408.abs · 3.35 Impact Factor
Show more