Active biomonitoring with wet and dry moss: a case study in an urban area

Environmental Chemistry Letters (Impact Factor: 1.91). 01/2009; 7(1):55-60. DOI: 10.1007/s10311-008-0135-4

ABSTRACT Active biomonitoring of the air quality in Belgrade, Serbia, was performed using the moss Sphagnum
girgensohnii. Moss bags were exposed in parallel with and without irrigation for 3 and 6months, respectively, at three different sites.
Twenty-nine elements were determined in the exposed moss samples by INAA. For all exposure periods, higher uptake in the irrigated
moss bags was evident for Al, Cr, Fe, Zn and Sr. Elements such as Cl, K, Rb and Cs were depleted in the moss tissue during
the time of exposure. For most of the elements the accumulation after 6months exceeded that observed after 3months.


Available from: Eiliv Steinnes, Apr 18, 2015
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    Science of The Total Environment 07/2015; 521. DOI:10.1016/j.scitotenv.2015.03.085 · 3.16 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Moss species (Hypnum cupressiforme, Scleropodium purum and Campthotecium lutescens) were used as suitable sampling media for biomonitoring the origin of heavy metal pollution in the lead–zinc mine and flotation environ near the town of Probištip. The 21 metals contents were determined by atomic emission spectrometry with inductively coupled plasma (ICP–AES). Data processing was applied with combinations of multivariate statistical methods: factor analysis, principal component analysis and cluster analysis. The main anthropogenic markers in the investigated area were Pb and Zn (maximal values of 200 and 186 mg kg–1, respectively). The factor analysis singled out (in the increasing scale) the following associations: F1/D1: Fe < Mo < Pb < Na < Cd < Mg < Zn < Ag < Cu and F2/D2: Mn < Ni < K < P < Ba < Sr < Ca < As < Cr < Al < V < Li. The anthropogenic elements contents vary independent from the moss species, but depending on the distancing from the pollution source, there are positive correlation. Long distance distribution from the emission source doesn’t occur.