The X-ray jet and lobes of PKS 1354+195 (=4C 19.44)
ABSTRACT We present a Chandra image of the quasar, jet, and lobes of PKS 1354+195 (=4C 19.44). The radio jet is 18 arcsec long, and appears to be very
straight. The length gives many independent spatial resolution elements in the Chandra image while the straightness implies that the geometrical factors are constant along the jet although their values are uncertain.
We also have 4 frequency radio images with half to one arcsecond angular resolution, and use HST and Spitzer data to study
the broad band spectral energy distributions. The X-ray and radio spectra are both consistent with a spectrum f
−0.7 for the integrated jet. Using that spectral index, the model of inverse Compton scattering of electrons on the cosmic microwave
background (IC/CMB) gives magnetic field strengths and Doppler factors that are relatively constant along the jet. Extended
X-ray emission is evident in the direction of the otherwise unseen counter-jet. X-ray emission continues past the radio jet
to the South, and is detected within both the southern and northern radio lobes.
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ABSTRACT: We discuss the physical properties of four quasar jets imaged with the Chandra X-Ray Observatory in the course of a survey for X-ray emission from radio jets (Marshall et al.). These objects have sufficient counts to study their spatially resolved properties, even in the 5 ks survey observations. We have acquired Australia Telescope Compact Array data with resolution matching Chandra. We have searched for optical emission with Magellan, with subarcsecond resolution. The radio to X-ray spectral energy distribution for most of the individual regions indicates against synchrotron radiation from a single-component electron spectrum. We therefore explore the consequences of assuming that the X-ray emission is the result of inverse Compton scattering on the cosmic microwave background. If particles and magnetic fields are near minimum energy density in the jet rest frames, then the emitting regions must be relativistically beamed, even at distances of order 500 kpc from the quasar. We estimate the magnetic field strengths, relativistic Doppler factors, and kinetic energy flux as a function of distance from the quasar core for two or three distinct regions along each jet. We develop, for the first time, estimates in the uncertainties in these parameters, recognizing that they are dominated by our assumptions in applying the standard synchrotron minimum energy conditions. The kinetic power is comparable with, or exceeds, the quasar radiative luminosity, implying that the jets are a significant factor in the energetics of the accretion process powering the central black hole. The measured radiative efficiencies of the jets are of order 10-4.The Astrophysical Journal 01/2006; 640(2):592-602. · 6.73 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: X-ray emission from large-scale extragalactic jets is likely to be as a result of inverse Compton scattering of relativistic particles off seed photons of both the cosmic microwave background field and the blazar nucleus. The first process dominates the observed high-energy emission of large-scale jets if the plasma is moving at highly relativistic speeds and if the jet is aligned with the line of sight, i.e. in powerful flat radio spectrum quasars. The second process is relevant when the plasma is moving at mildly bulk relativistic speeds, and can dominate the high-energy emission in misaligned sources, i.e. in radio galaxies. We show that this scenario satisfactorily accounts for the spectral energy distribution detected by Chandra from the jet and core of PKS 0637–752.Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society 04/2002; 321(1):L1 - L5. · 5.52 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: The ever-increasing quality and complexity of astronomical data underscores the need for new and powerful data analysis applications. This need has led to the development of Sherpa, a modeling and fitting program in the CIAO software package that enables the analysis of multi-dimensional, multi-wavelength data. In this paper, we present an overview of Sherpa's features, which include: support for a wide variety of input and output data formats, including the new Model Descriptor List (MDL) format; a model language which permits the construction of arbitrarily complex model expressions, including ones representing instrument characteristics; a wide variety of fit statistics and methods of optimization, model comparison, and parameter estimation; multi-dimensional visualization, provided by ChIPS; and new interactive analysis capabilities provided by embedding the S-Lang interpreted scripting language. We conclude by showing example Sherpa analysis sessions. Comment: To appear in Proc. SPIE Conf. 4477. 12 pages, 4 figures08/2001;